THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD IS UPON ME: "The speaker is not
identified, but he is distinct from the LORD and from Zion's suffering people.
He possesses the divine spirit, is God's spokesman, and is sent to release
prisoners from bondage. The evidence suggests he is the LORD's special servant,
described earlier in the servant songs (see Isa 42:1-4,7; 49:2,9; 50:4; 51:16)"
FREEDOM FOR THE CAPTIVES: The 200,000 carried captive
by Sennacherib's armies. Cp Isa 42:22; 45:13; 48:20; 49:9,20,21; 51:14;
(NT) Fulfilled "this day" by Jesus in Luk 4:17-21. "The Spirit
of the LORD is upon me" (cp Joh 1:32; Isa 11:2; 42:1; 48:16; Mic 3:8).
TO PROCLAIM THE YEAR OF THE LORD'S FAVOR: Why did Jesus
stop here when quoting this passage? Poss to give added impact to what follows.
Examples of this technique: Stephen in Act 7:47-50; Jesus in Mat 21:15,16 (Tes
THOSE WHO GRIEVE IN ZION: Or, perhaps, "mourners OF
Zion" -- ie, those carried captive to Babylon, lamenting their separation from
Zion (cp Psa 137:1-5).
THE ANCIENT RUINS... THE PLACES LONG DEVASTATED: The 46
walled cities that Sennacherib destroyed (and prob burned) (Taylor Prism). Ct
Moses' words in Lev 26:21,23 -- which follows immediately after the proclamation
ALIENS... FOREIGNERS: "Remember that at that time you
were separate from Christ, excluded from citizenship in Israel and foreigners to
the covenants of the promise, without hope and without God in the world. But now
in Christ Jesus you who once were far away have been brought near through the
blood of Christ" (Eph 2:12,13).
THE WEALTH OF NATIONS: Assyrian plunder, and gifts of
tribute from other Gentile nations (2Ch 32:23). Cp Isa 60:5,17.
A DOUBLE PORTION: The double blessing of the Year of
Jubilee: Lev 25:22.
The "seed" or descendants of my people -- spiritually -- will
be found among the Gentiles (nations, goyim) and also among the peoples (amim,
DELIGHT... REJOICE: "After the suffering of his soul,
he will see the light of life and be satisfied" (Isa 53:11). For this JOY he
endured the cross (Heb 12:2). And so John the Baptist, the friend of the
BRIDEGROOM, rejoiced too (Joh 3:29).
GARMENTS OF SALVATION: The "garments of salvation" are
the garments of a priest (Exo 28:2,40; Psa 132:9,16; Isa 62:3; Exo 39:22); but
they seem also to be the garments of a bridegroom -- an interesting combination!
Likewise, also, the priestly garments are in Scripture likened
to the uniform and armaments of a warrior (cp Eph 6:10-17).
Both these additional aspects of the priest's service are
instructive: (a) firstly, the priest as the mediator for God Himself, would
represent God in His aspect as the Bridegroom, or Husband, of His people Israel,
the Bride; and (b) the priest, like a warrior, would wage war against sin in all
its manifestations, both personal and institutional -- cp 2Co 10:3-5: "For
though we live in the world, we do not wage war as the world does. The weapons
we fight with are not the weapons of the world. On the contrary, they have
divine power to demolish strongholds. We demolish arguments and every pretension
that sets itself up against the knowledge of God, and we take captive every
thought to make it obedient to Christ."
In Psa 45, as well as the Song of Songs, and especially in Rev
19; 21, our great High Priest Jesus Christ appears in his joint "offices" as a
victorious general and a loving Bridegroom. And both these (superficially quite
disparate) occupations are very appropriate!
BRIDEGROOM... BRIDE: Allusion to Hezekiah and his
renewal of marriage with Hephzibah (Isa 62:4,5).