BECAUSE OF YOUR SINS YOU WERE SOLD: "Ye have sold
yourselves" (AV): it was their doing, not God's. (Cp figure, Rom 7:14,15).
Israel has separated herself from God by her iniquities; it is her fault, not
His! The 200,000 Jewish captives, "sold" into slavery at the hand of the
WHERE: "Of what kind" (LXX), ie "from where". What is
YOUR MOTHER'S: Mother = Jerusalem (Isa 1; Eze 16:23).
CERTIFICATE OF DIVORCE: May be given when some
uncleanness has been found (Deu 24:1). Backsliding Israel had committed adultery
(Jer 3:8), as had Hosea's wife (Hos 2:2).
TO WHICH OF MY CREDITORS DID I SELL YOU?: Under LM,
children or oneself could be sold into slavery as a judicial sentence or payment
of debt (Exo 21:7; Neh 5:5), but they would be freed at Jubilee (Lev
BECAUSE OF YOUR SINS... TRANSGRESSIONS: 'I did not
divorce you; you divorced yourself!'
Vv 2-4: Allusions to 10 plagues upon Egypt.
WHY WAS THERE NO ONE?: That is, to redeem his brother:
Psa 49:7-9; 143:2.
WHY WAS THERE NO ONE TO ANSWER?: That is, none to
answer His call: Isa 66:4; cp Pro 1:24,28; Joh 5:43.
WAS MY ARM TOO SHORT TO RANSOM YOU?: The role of the
near-kinsman/goel/redeemer: to buy Israel out of slavery.
DO I LACK THE STRENGTH TO RESCUE YOU?: God can deliver,
through Christ, a "ransom" (Rom 3:24). Cp Joh 3:16; Rom 8:3; 2Co 5:19.
I DRY UP THE SEA: Exodus imagery: drying up Red Sea;
waters turned to blood; plague of darkness (v 3).
SACKCLOTH: Mourning, by Gentiles, at eclipse of their
rulers: cp Rev 6:12.
AN INSTRUCTED TONGUE: "My doctrine is not mine, but His
that sent me" (Joh 7:16; cp Joh 6:63; 8:47; 12:49; 14:24; 17:3).
SUSTAINS THE WEARY: "Come to me, all you who are weary
and burdened, and I will give you rest" (Mat 11:28). Cp Heb 12:12; Isa 35:3; Mal
MORNING BY MORNING: Morning devotions of Christ: Mar
1:35; Luk 4:42.
WAKENS MY EAR: Ct deaf Israel: Isa 43:8! Cp Rev 2:7,11,
OPENED MY EARS: As spoken by Christ in Psa 40:6,7 (cit
AND I HAVE NOT BEEN REBELLIOUS: "Not as I will" (Mat
26:39; Joh 14:31; Phi 2:7,8; Heb 5:8; 10:5).
"In this trial and preparation of the heart man must be
responsive. There is a profound meaning in the words, 'The Lord God hath opened
my ears, and I was not rebellious.' [Isa 50:5] Some men are rebellious even to
the extent of making void the word of God. God gave to Saul a new heart so that
he began his reign well, but he became rebellious and his heart turned to evil.
His fall furnishes an excellent illustration of the proverb, 'A sound heart is
the life of the flesh, but envy is the rottenness of the bones' [Pro 14:30]"
Hezekiah: the prospect of such vicious treatment at the hand
of victorious Assyrians.
I OFFERED... MY CHEEKS TO THOSE WHO PULLED OUT MY
BEARD: "Turn other cheek" (Mat 5:39; Isa 53:5; Mic 5:1). Cp Mt 26:67;
SPITTING: Luk 18:32; Mar 14:65; 15:9.
I WILL NOT BE DISGRACED: "Deterred by insults"
I SET MY FACE LIKE FLINT: To go to Jerusalem (Luk 9:51;
Mar 10:32). Cp the flinty rock that poured forth water to redeemed slaves (Deu
8:15). Flint suggests supreme hardness: cp Eze 3:8,9.
The court of law again! -- Isa 41:1,21-29; 43:8-13,26; 44:7;
45:20-25. Cp Rom 8:31-34: "If God be for us... justifies... condemns.. .makes
VINDICATES: Or "justifieth" (AV). Sig "acquittal",
proven righteous -- as Christ only (as to actual deeds), and/or forgiveness by
faith, as all others (Isa 53:11; Rom 4:24,25; Psa 32:1,2).
WHO THEN WILL BRING CHARGES AGAINST ME?: Or "contend
with me" (AV).
WHO IS MY ACCUSER?: Or "adversary" (AV), or "the master
of my cause" (AV mg). Evidently a legal term, meaning "prosecutor".
WHO IS HE THAT WILL CONDEMN ME?: Cp Rom 8:33,34: No one
may condemn us but God, and He is on our side. Esp applies to Christ: "Who of
you can convict me of sin?" (Joh 8:46). He was "without sin" (1Pe 2:22; Heb
WEAR OUT LIKE A GARMENT: Ct Deu 8:4: wilderness
wandering: "Your raiment waxed not old." Suggestive of sinful human nature: cp
Zec 3:3; Isa 64:6: filthy rags! Those who trust in the LM and the keeping of it
will be thoroughly disappointed -- for it will vanish away: Heb 8:13; cp Psa
THE MOTHS WILL EAT THEM UP: Sym corruption (Luk 12:33;
WHO HAS NO LIGHT: Mystified and bewildered by present
The campfires of Assyrians encircling the city. It was
Passover time (Isa 30:29; 31:5) and nights were cold (Joh 18:18,25). Cp Peter by
fire (Luk 22:55).
YOUR FIRE... YOU HAVE KINDLED: The Jewish trust in
salvation by their own works was a fire of their own kindling, which would not