This particular "Woe", in ct to previous ones, is directed
against the wretched and deceitful Assyrians. Duplicity was the hallmark of
Sennacherib's foreign policy (Isa 21:2; 24:16); even the payment of massive
tribute (2Ki 18:16) made no difference to his aggressive
WE LONG FOR YOU: "We have waited for you" (AV): "
'Waiting for the LORD' is quite one of the most poignant ideas in all Isaiah's
prophecies. It embodies a picture of a faithful minority who look with eager and
almost pathetic expectancy for a divine intervention which will save them and
their Land from a desperate situation from which they have no power to extricate
themselves" (WIsa 326). Cp Isa 25:9; 26:8; 64:4; 30:18. Cp also 2Pe
EVERY MORNING: Manna given (Exo 16:21). Fire on the
altar (Lev 6:12). Incense offered (Exo 30:7). Praise offered (1Ch 23:30).
Service offered (1Ch 9:27). Sacrifice presented (2Ch 2:4; 13:11). God visits
(Job 7:18). God is their strength (here). His compassions new (Lam 3:23). The
Philistines present themselves (1Sa 17:16). God silences the wicked (Psa 101:8).
Judgment (Zep 3:5). Administer justice (Jer 21:12).
THE THUNDER OF YOUR VOICE: The overpowering majesty of
the theophany and storms (as in Isa 28:15; 29:5-7; 30:30). Elsewhere these words
picture a lashing rain (1Ki 18:41) and the fearful threat of Sennacherib's
conglomerate army assembled against Jerusalem (Isa 13:4).
RISE UP: The description of the Ark of God setting
forth (Num 10:35) -- the Shekinah Glory going into action!
"Joel 2 has sustained and vivid anticipation of the northern
invader (these brutal Assyrians) going irresistibly through the Land plundering
and ravaging everywhere (Joel 2:1-11; cp Isa 10:14; 17:5). Now Isaiah picks up
the same powerful figure of speech -- but the tables are turned, for his locusts
are the inhabitants of Jerusalem rushing out of the city to plunder the
devastated camp of the enemy... a picture of eager delighted citizens making one
trip after another to the enemy camp to see what they can salvage" (WIsa
Vv 5,6: "A godly administration described in Messianic terms
which deliberately echo the Messianic prophecy of Isa 11: 'judgment,
righteousness, wisdom, knowledge, stability (faithfulness), salvation, the fear
of the LORD' (vv 2-5)" (WIsa 327).
THIS TREASURE: The spiritual "treasure" of renewed
faith in Yahweh, in ct to the merely material "treasure" of plunder from the
fallen Assyrians (v 4) -- or the Jewish "treasure" used to pay off the Assyrians
earlier (2Ki 18:14-16)!
Vv 7-9: A retrospect: (1) the Judean ambassadors of peace
returning from fruitless negotiations with Sennacherib and Rabshakeh (2Ki 18:16;
Isa 36:3; 28:15; 21:2; 33:1) and/or (2) the Judean ambassadors returning from
Egypt (Isa 30:4; 31:1).
The Assyrian siege engines required an enormous amount of
BASHAN AND CARMEL: Both of these areas were known for
their trees and vegetation: Isa 2:13; 35:2
I WILL ARISE... WILL I BE EXALTED... WILL I BE LIFTED
UP: Yahweh goes into action with a display of His Shekinah Glory and power:
cp v 5; Isa 5:16; 30:18; Psa 118:16; Isa 59:19; 26:11; Mic 5:9.
THE PEOPLES WILL BE BURNED AS IF TO LIME: The disposal
of the great piles of corpses sprawled in a gruesome circle round the city. Cp
YOU WHO ARE FAR AWAY: The captives which had been
carried away to Babylon. Or poss the Gentiles -- who now give glory to God, and
Hezekiah (2Ch 32:23).
YOU WHO ARE NEAR: God's people in the city of Jerusalem
and the Land.
THE SINNERS IN ZION ARE TERRIFIED...: "The 'devouring
fire' and 'everlasting burnings' with which the divine judgment was manifest
(Isa 30:27-33; 31:9) provoked the same reaction in these Jewish sinners as a
like theophany had done in the hearts of their forefathers at Sinai (Exo
20:18,19; Deu 4:24; Num 17:12,13; Heb 12:29)" (WIsa 329).
The ancient rabbi Samlai stated that Moses gave 613
commandments, and that David reduced these to 11 commandments (ie Psa 15).
Further, he stated that Isaiah reduced the 11 to 6 (Isa 33:15). What he could
not mention, of course, was that Jesus was to summarize all the law in only two
commandments (Mat 22:40).
THE KING IN HIS BEAUTY: Hezekiah, fully recovered from
his grievous illness (Isa 38:1; 53:2)!
A LAND THAT STRETCHED AFAR: A land of extensive
territory. Judah now being renewed to its "glory days", before the Assyrian
ravages. Cp Isa 9:7 (the increase of his government), and the "Land full of
knowledge of the Lord" (Isa 11:9).
Quoted in 1Co 1:20: "Where is the wise man? Where is the
scholar? Where is the philosopher of this age? Has not God made foolish the
wisdom of the world?"
THE CHIEF OFFICER: "The scribe" (AV).
THE ONE WHO TOOK THE REVENUE: Related to Heb "shekel";
the official who took charge of the massive tribute paid by Judah to
THE OFFICER IN CHARGE OF THE TOWERS: That is, the siege
towers (Isa 30:25; 33:9; 37:24; 2Ki 19:23).
// Exo 14:13: "Do not be afraid. Stand firm and you will see
the deliverance the LORD will bring you today. The Egyptians you see today you
will never see again."
STRANGE, INCOMPREHENSIBLE TONGUE: Cp Psa 114:1, also re
Zion will be protected and made to stand firm by the Almighty
Power of God. The city of Jerusalem, which lacks the broad rivers and streams of
Egypt and Nineveh, and the insulating defense of the sea, like Tyre and Zidon,
is sheltered and supported by that which is infinitely greater... the Lord of
Hosts! Jerusalem has Immanuel and the quiet waters of Shiloah (Isa 8:6-8), and
God as a wall of fire round about it (Zec 2:5)!
GALLEY WITH OARS... MIGHTY SHIP: The sort of ships
which Assyria might have obtained in Phoenicia (Isa 2:16; Psa 48:7).
EVEN THE LAME: Cp 2Sa 5:8; Isa 35:5,6. Judah's victory
over its enemies will be so thorough there will be more than enough plunder for
everyone, even slow-moving lame men who would normally get left out in the rush
to gather the loot.
NO ONE.. WILL SAY, 'I AM ILL': Hezekiah, smitten for
the sins of the nation (Isa 52:13,14), is now healed of his sickness (Isa 53:4).
All, of course, typical of Jesus Christ!