CLOTHE... GARMENTS: New garments indicating a new
status, a new covenant (as High Priest, other priests: Exo 28:2,40). Clothing
sym way of life, to be kept clean, as a "wedding garment" (Mat 22:11-13). Inner
beauty, not as whited sepulchres of Pharisees (Mat 23:25-28; Ecc 3:11). "Let
your priests be clothed with righteousness" (Psa 132:9). "I put on
righteousness, and it clothed me: my judgment was as a robe and diadem" (Job
29:14). "Put on the new man... righteousness, true holiness" (Eph 4:24). "Be
clothed with humility" (1Pe 5:5). "Whole armor of God..." (Eph 6).
"Righteousness, girdle of loins; faithfulness, girdle of reins" (Isa 11:5).
"Clothed with house from heaven" (2Co 5:2,3). "Girt with golden girdle" (Rev
GARMENTS: Obtained from the shorn sheep (Isa
JERUSALEM THE HOLY CITY: Rev 21:2.
THE UNCIRCUMCISED AND DEFILED WILL NOT ENTER YOU AGAIN:
A ref to Assyrian soldiers garrisoned in the Temple area: "Ahaz took some of the
things from the temple of the LORD and from the royal palace and from the
princes and presented them to the king of Assyria, but that did not help him"
(2Ch 28:21). 2Ch 28:21. Lit, "divided up a portion of the temple" -- giving it
to the Assyrian soldiers as a place to rest and reside. Cp 2Ki 16:18. (A similar
policy was followed by the Assyrians with other vassal nations; cp also the
Roman garrison next to the Temple in NT times.) Cp idea, Isa 63:18; 64:11; Psa
74:3-8; 79:1; Isa 7:13; 11:9; 52:1; Mic 5:5.
SHAKE OFF YOUR DUST: Sym the curse of Adam (Gen 3:19).
CHAINS ON YOUR NECK: Chains of slavery (ie Act 12:7).
Could also ref bondage of laws, rules, etc (Act 15:10).
YOU WERE SOLD FOR NOTHING: Sold because of your sins:
ie Isa 50:1. Cp Paul: "I am carnal, sold under sin" (Rom 7:14,24).
WITHOUT MONEY YOU WILL BE REDEEMED: "Justified FREELY
by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus" (Rom 3:24). Cp
MY PEOPLE WILL KNOW MY NAME: They will be as slaves
happily acknowledging the name of their new Master (cp Rev 14:1).
BRING GOOD NEWS: Cp Luk 8:1: "Jesus traveled about from
one town and village to another, proclaiming the good news of the kingdom of
God." And Paul appropriates the same words to himself: Rom 10:15 -- where "feet
of HIM" becomes "feet of THEM".
YOUR GOD REIGNS!: When a new king was enthroned, his
followers would give this shout. Other examples of this enthronement formula:
2Sa 15:10; 1Ki 1:11,13,18; 2Ki 9:13. The LORD is an eternal king, but here he is
pictured as a victorious warrior who establishes His rule from Zion: Isa 24:23;
Psa 47:7,8; all of Psa 93-100.; Rev 19:6.
WATCHMEN: Like Simeon, looking for the Messiah (Luk 2):
"My eyes have seen your salvation" (Luk 2:30). The "song" of Isa 52:9,10 here //
Luk 2:25-38. [Note: at the time of return from Babylonian captivity, there were
no watchmen and no towers!]
LIFT UP THEIR VOICES... SEE IT WITH THEIR OWN EYES:
Respectively, the watchmen calling to one another at night, and actually seeing
one another in the day.
SEE IT WITH THEIR OWN EYES: Cp Joh 9:1-7: the man born
blind, healed by Jesus!
YOU RUINS OF JERUSALEM: The countryside around
Jerusalem, wasted and ruined by the Assyrian army.
VESSELS: One's own life and /or body: 1Th 4:3-6; 2Ti
YOU WILL NOT LEAVE IN HASTE OR GO IN FLIGHT: The
captives returning from Assyria/Babylon did not have to flee for their lives --
as did the Jews going out of Egypt (Exo 12:33).
Isa 52:13 -- Isa 53:12: One complete song: 5 stanzas of 3 vv
each: (a) Isa 52:13-15: "Behold my servant" -- the twofold aspect of Messiah in
sufferings and glory; (b) Isa 53:1-3: "Who has believed our message?" -- the
appeal of Christ heard by Israel, and rejected; (c) Isa 53:4-6: "He took up our
infirmities" -- the reason for his sufferings; (d) Isa 53:7-9: "he was oppressed
and afflicted" -- what his sufferings involved; (e) Isa 53:10-12: "it was the
LORD's will" -- the divine purpose behind Messiah's sufferings.
Isa 52:13 -- Isa 53:12: The cross from OUR viewpoint. Psa 22:
The cross from Messiah's viewpoint.
SEE: Or "Behold!": a trumpet call, demanding careful
attention to all the follows.
MY SERVANT: The servant of Exo 21:5,6; Psa 40:6. The
plural servant fails, but the singular servant succeeds.
The prophecies relating to Yahweh's servant are found in
Isaiah, from Isa 41 through this section. In these prophecies, Isaiah has been
continually contrasting the "national" servant, Israel, with the "individual"
servant, the Messiah, much to the discredit of the former. Israel the
multitudinous servant has been called to an honorable position of service, but
has despised the privilege and failed miserably (Isa41:8; 42:19; 43:10; 44:1,21;
43:4; 43:20). For this they are sharply rebuked (Isa 42:17-20). Meanwhile,
Israel is called upon to "behold My Servant" (Isa 42:1); God's individual
"Servant" would accomplish what the national "Servant" could not. Through him
the works of the Father, the greatest of which is the redemption and
glorification of a portion of mankind, will be accomplished
God's purpose of redemption requires the suffering and finally
the sacrificial death of His obedient servant. See the stages in this second
portion of Isaiah: (a) first, there is the merest hint of temporary
discouragement (Isa 42:4), (b) secondly, a lament over "failure" (Isa 49:4); (c)
third, personal abuse (Isa 50:6); and (4) finally, here, misrepresentation,
injustice and a violent death!
Possible progression in 4 verbs here: (1) act wisely: Christ's
ministry; (2) raised: crucifixion; (3) lifted up: resurrection; and (4) highly
ACT WISELY: Or "prosper" (AV) or "succeed" (NET); sw
Jos 1:7,8; Jer 23:5; 1Sa 18:14 (David in court of Saul). The sw in Heb can also
mean "give understanding, or teach".
RAISED: Heb "rum" = to be high. Lifted up in
crucifixion and also in glory -- double meanings throughout: cp Joh 12:32 and
Isa 6:1, referred in Joh 12:41. Cp also Isa 57:15; Psa 89:27 (sw).
HIGHLY EXALTED: "Nasa": a banner, or ensign (Exo
17:9,11). Cp "nes" (Isa 11:10). (As Hezekiah was exalted in the eyes of the
nations: 2Ch 32:23).
MANY: Not only are many "appalled", but ultimately
"many" will be cleansed (v 15).
APPALLED: Or, "astonished" (RSV), "aghast"
APPEARANCE: Sw "beauty" in Isa 53:2.
DISFIGURED: Heb "mishchath" -- prob derived from a rt
meaning "ruin". Only twice in OT. In Lev 22:25 describes sacrifices that were
marred or defective, and thus unacceptable.
BEYOND HUMAN LIKENESS: Crown of thorns (Mat 27:26),
bruises on back, black eye, teeth knocked out, scar on cheek (Mat 27:30; Joh
18:22; Mic 5:1).
The "as" beginning this verse is matched by the "so" beginning
v 15. As many individuals were astonished at the Messiah, so shall "many"
nations be sprinkled (ie, cleansed) by him! Here is the multiplying effect of
the work of Christ: what a comparatively few witnessed in person, in the streets
of Jerusalem and on the brow of a little hill, will ultimately bring blessing to
multitudes scattered from sea to sea, and from the river to the ends of the
earth! And the marvelous irony is this: that which appalled and repelled those
who witnessed it will at last be embraced joyfully and thankfully by humble and
obedient believers. That which appeared tragic and senseless will be seen to be
lovely and wise. Paul speaks of the rationale of the crucifixion, and this irony
of the cross, to the Corinthian brethren: "Hath not God made foolish the things
of this world?... We preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumbling-block
and unto the Greeks foolishness; but unto them that are called, both Jews and
Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God" (1Co 1:20,23,24).
That which "the world" saw as scandal and weakness was
actually righteousness and power. Paul leads us surely to the conclusion that
the salvation of mankind is specifically designed by God to run counter to proud
and vain man's expectations; hence the "astonishment" of Isa 52:14 (and the
despite and disesteem of Isa 53:3). His purpose in so doing is undoubtedly to
lend man to renounce his "worldly", materialistic, natural attitudes, and to see
salvation on God's terms, and to see himself in God's eyes. In the words of Paul
again, this was done so "that no flesh should glory in His presence" (1Co
SPRINKLE: "Hath not God made foolish the wisdom of the
world?... that no flesh should glory in his presence" (1Co 1:20-29). One who is
made to appear leprous -- ie an outcast and criminal -- becomes the "priest" to
cleanse "leprous" Gentiles. Cp Num 19:18,21. "Blood of sprinkling" (Heb 11:28;
1Pe 1:2). Ashes of heifer (Num 19; Heb 9:13). Blood of Passover lamb on
doorposts (Exo 12:7,22; Psa 51:7).
The RSV has "startle", but the Hebrew word ("nazah") occurs
elsewhere 19 times, always in the sense of sprinkling for ceremonial
purification (ie, Lev 4:6; 16:14,19; Num 19:18,21). It is difficult to see why
modern translators should replace the AV rendering.
MANY NATIONS: The blessing of all nations through the
special seed promised to Abraham (Gen 12:3) will involve the forgiveness of
sins. Cp Isa 42:1-4; 49:1-6.
KINGS SHUT THEIR MOUTHS BECAUSE OF HIM: Awe and
astonishment (cp Job 29:9; 40:4). The LXX of this expression is used to describe
the "marveling" of Pilate (Mat 27:14; Mar 15:5) at the patient silence of Jesus
in the face of accusations (cp Isa 53:7).
Another "servant song" has this same idea: Isa 49:7 (cp v 23
FOR WHAT THEY WERE NOT TOLD, THEY WILL SEE, AND WHAT THEY
HAVE NOT HEARD, THEY WILL UNDERSTAND: Cited by Paul in Rom 15:21: prophetic
of gospel being preached to Gentiles.