ROCK... QUARRY: The tomb in which Christ was buried,
and from which he arose on the 3rd day -- this being the "birth" of the
spiritual nation of Israel. From these "stones" God raises up "children" (Mat
ABRAHAM... SARAH: Poss // with v 1: Abraham = the rock,
and Sarah = the pit. As if the two ends of the tunnel under Zion were named
after these two characters, and their joining together was the salvation of
Israel (Wordsworth, cited by WIsa 442)! And a ref also to spiritual Israel, the
true children of Abraham and Sarah (Gal 3:29).
ONE... MANY: Out of one comes many! The cornerstone of
God's call to Abraham: "I will make you into a great nation" (Gen 12:2). "I will
make your offspring like the dust of the earth, so that if anyone could count
the dust, then your offspring could be counted" (Gen 13:16). "You will be the
father of many nations" (Gen 17:4,5). "I will surely bless you and make your
descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sand on the seashore"
ZION: In the symbolism of this ch, Zion is equated with
Sarah (as in Gal 4:22-31).
DESERTS... EDEN... WASTELANDS... GARDEN: Re Sarah, a
picture of the barren woman becoming fruitful (Isa 54)! Similar also to Isa
HEAVENS WILL VANISH LIKE SMOKE...: The passing away of
the old Mosaic system (Psa 102:26; Heb 1:12).
THE EARTH WILL WEAR OUT LIKE A GARMENT: To be replaced
by an incomparably better garment -- Christ, whom believers may "put on" (Gal
3:27; Eph 4:24; Col 3:10).
ARM OF THE LORD: Isa 40:10; cp Isa 53:1;
RAHAB: Sig lit "pride" or "boasting". (1) Egypt, in Psa
87:4; 89:10; Isa 30:7. (2) Apparently, a mythological sea-monster in Isa 51:9;
Job 9:13; 26:12. Poss ref to the crocodile of the Nile, sym of proud Egypt and
her gods. See Lesson, Rahab (Egypt). Poss ref to the chaos monster at the time
of creation, to Egypt at the time of the Exodus, or to a fusion of
WHO MADE A ROAD IN THE DEPTHS OF THE SEA: Ref to the
Exodus, and v 11 to the new Exodus, the return of the exiles from Babylon. See
also Isa 35:9; 11:15,16.
EVERLASTING JOY WILL CROWN THEIR HEADS: Or, poss, their
"Great Head", ie Christ! The Heb plural of greatness and majesty.
"Israel will sing the song of Moses, and the song of the Lamb,
who will have given them such a mighty deliverance from all their enemies. Being
now 'the ransomed of the Lord, they shall return, and come to Zion with songs
and everlasting joy upon their heads.' The prophet 'like unto Moses,' mightier
than Joshua, and 'greater than Solomon', will conduct them into the Holy Land;
and, having delivered to them the New Covenant, will 'settle them after their
old estates.' Having 'wrought with them for his own name's sake,' and by them as
his 'battle-axe and weapons of war' subdued the nations, and brought them to his
holy mountain, he will 'accept them there,' and 'there shall all the house of
Israel, all of them in the land,' as one nation and one kingdom under Shiloh
'serve the Lord God' " (Elp 405,406).
Do not forget that God -- the Creator of all things -- is
always in control: cp Isa 40:22; 42:5; 44:24; 45:12. Thus all testing situations
are put in their proper perspective.
I HAVE PUT MY WORDS IN YOUR MOUTH: Spoken of Moses (Deu
18:18), who brought about the first great deliverance from slavery.
HEAVENS... EARTH: The founding, or planting, of a new
creation, patterned after Sinai (Exo 19:5,6).
AWAKE, AWAKE! RISE UP, O JERUSALEM: The city of
Jerusalem awakes from the stupor of drunkenness, brought on by God's judgments
(cp vv 21-23).
THESE DOUBLE CALAMITIES: In Hezekiah's day: Assyrian
invasion AND the king's deadly disease!
RUIN AND DESTRUCTION, FAMINE AND SWORD: "The catalogue
of sufferings... is hopelessly irrelevant to those who had had 70 years of
settled prosperity in Babylon. And if the ref be to Jerusalem, then only the
first of these 4 items was relevant in the time of Cyrus" (WIsa 446,447). But
quite appropriate to what befell Israel and Judah in the days of Sennacherib and
YOUR SONS HAVE FAINTED; THEY LIE AT THE HEAD OF EVERY
STREET: Tragedy as repeated in Rev (Rev 11:8; cp Psa 79:2,3).
The death-warrant of Nineveh is signed by the prophet of the