YOU NATIONS: Means particularly all the nations
surrounding Israel: Isa 29:7,8; 17:12,13; 14:26; 2Ch 9:23; 32:23; 1Ch 19:17;
18:11; Psa 118:10; Jer 27:7; Joel 3:2; Oba 1:15.
// Psa 83:2-8; 2Ch 32:22.
STARS OF HEAVEN... SKY... STARRY HOST: All sym of
Israel: Gen 37:9,10; Jer 31:35,36; Dan 8:10; Rev 6:14.
ROLLED UP LIKE A SCROLL: The sixth seal: Rev
VINE... FIG TREE: Also sym of Israel: Isa 5:1-7; Psa
80:8; Jer 24:1...; Joel 1:7,12).
SWORD: That is, the angel of God wielding the sword
(Gen 3:24). A striking ct with the blessing of Edom now cancelled out: "You will
live by the sword" (Gen 27:40). He who pursued his brother Judah with the sword
(Amo 1:11) would now be pursued with a mightier sword!
EDOM: In spite of divine injunctions to good relations
with Edom (Deu 2:4-8; 23:;7,8), there was ill-will between Edom and Israel.
Israel's attempts at friendship were fruitless (Num 20:14-21).. David won
victories over Edom (Psa 60; 2Sa 8:13,14). But in Hezek's day Edom gave support
to Assyria against Judah (Oba 1:10-16; Psa 137:7). Now, apparently, Hezekiah is
able to organize a punitive expedition against Edom (1Ch 4:39-43). Other
judgments against Edom: Oba 1:1-14; Isa 63:1-6.
SWORD... BATHED IN BLOOD... COVERED WITH FAT: A bloody
sacrificial scene -- as Edom is offered on the altar of God!
BOZRAH: A very ancient city, a capital of Edom, about
18 mi southeast of the Dead Sea (Gen 36:33; 1Ch 1:44; Isa 34:6; 63:1; Jer
49:13,22; Amos 1:12).
THE WILD OXEN: Allusion to the cherubim, horns of the
altar: cp Psa 22:21; 92:10).
WILL FALL WITH THEM: Or "shall come down upon them"
(AV): a theophany (Exo 19:20; Isa 64:1).
THEIR LAND WILL BE DRENCHED WITH BLOOD: A deliberate ct
with Oba 1:16: "Just as you drank on my holy hill".
Vv 9,10: Edom will be destroyed in like manner as was Sodom:
Gen 19; cp Joel 2:30.
NO ONE WILL EVER PASS THROUGH IT AGAIN: A sardonic ct
with Israel's first historic encounter with Edom (Num 20:21...).
Vv 11-15: "Edom [will be] a desert waste, because of violence
done to the people of Judah, in whose land they shed innocent blood" (Joel
3:19). As for LD: "The most obvious outcome of this remarkable divine
intervention will be the utter devastation of Esau's land for all time. The
language of its wasteness is remarkably like that of Sodom and Gomorrah. How
will this come about? It is tempting to assume that Israeli nuclear bombs will
be used against an Arab oilfield so as to set going the mightiest conflagration
the world has ever know. Sodom and Gomorrah over again, only worse. But how is
one to reconcile this with the hint of cherubim of glory and divine action?
There is a remarkable catena of prophecies which foretell that God will impose
His final judgment on the nations by the simple device of allowing full rein to
human devilry: Eze 38:21; Isa 24:19; 9:14 (= Jdg 7:22); Hag 2:22; Zec 14:13;
Joel 3:11,12" (WIsa 338).
CHAOS... DESOLATION: Heb "tohu... bohu"; cp Gen 1:2.
"They shall name it No Kingdom There, and all its princes
shall be nothing" (RSV). "The RSV's translation of the difficult words is
attractive... This provides a kind of parallel to the description of Egypt in
Isa 30:7 as 'Rahab the Do-Nothing'. In any case, the main thought is clear. Just
as a measuring line suggests architectural order, so a kingdom suggests social
order; but there will be none" (EBC).
NIGHT CREATURES: The term "night-monster" is a
hypothetical translation of the Heb term "lilith", used once only in OT. The
word is translated "screech-owl" (KJV), and "night monster" (KJV mg; RV).
"Lilith" is thought by some to be of Babylonian origin, "a ghost... a
night-demon of terrible and baleful influence upon men, and only to be cast out
with many incantations" (ISBE). "In Jewish superstition a female, elegantly
dressed, that carried off children by night. The text does not assert the
existence of such objects of superstition, but describes the place as one which
superstition would people with such beings" (JFB). But most of the "creatures"
in vv 14,15 are plainly literal, not mythological -- so some kind of owl may be
correct after all.
NO ONE WILL LACK HER MATE: The inspired prophecy and
its fulfillment will match one another perfectly!