1 Samuel 30
The crisis has finally come for David and Saul and Jonathan and Israel and the Philistines. But David was sent away -- out of the arena altogether -- by God's providence.
REACHED ZIKLAG ON THE THIRD DAY:
From Aphek to Ziklag, 25 miles per day.
NOW THE AMALEKITES HAD RAIDED THE NEGEV AND ZIKLAG:
Their spies had prob seen David and his men leaving Ziklag unprotected. This was done to avenge David's previous attacks (1Sa 27:8).
Assuming wives and children were all dead.
DAVID INQUIRED OF THE LORD:
Urim and thummim. Ct Saul's seeking after witches and sorcery (1Sa 28).
Tracking such a large company (with great herds) would have been quite simple.
TO THE BESOR RAVINE:
Another 12 miles sw of Ziklag (cp v 1), all on the same day!
Vv 11-13: Ct David's kindness with the Amalekite's ruthlessness (v 13).
The Egyptian slave knew where the Amalekites were headed; so now he could show them a shortcut?
Or "dawn" (sw Job 7:4; Psa 110:147) (NEB). So David and his men rested a few hours before attacking.
Afternoon, beginning of the declining of the sun.
WHAT THE LORD HAS GIVEN US:
David only sees the true, divine perspective.
(A) Every man received his own goods. (B) A special "bonus" for the victorious 400? Or not? (C) A large part of excess spoils sent to the previously loyal villages of Judah (vv 26-31).
THE MAN WHO STAYED WITH THE SUPPLIES:
A diplomatic concession: they HAD been tired.
ALL WILL SHARE ALIKE:
The point of Christ's parable in Mat 20:1-16.
Or "Beer-sheba" (LXX).
Ct David's victory with Saul's defeat (1Sa 31).