Gen 44; 45: "The record of Joseph provides wonderful
portrayals of the work of our Master. In Gen 44;45 he adopts further methods for
the reconciliation of his bre: a type of the ultimate redemption of natural
Israel, at the return of the Lord. Thus:  Joseph's policy of delaying his
brethren: vv 1-13.  Judah pleads for Benjamin: vv 14-34.  Joseph reveals
himself to his brethren: Gen 45:1-15.  An invitation to shelter in Egypt: vv
"The drama of the situation is the way in which Joseph acts
with superb understanding and careful examination. He sought to discover whether
Benjamin would be delivered because of the envy of the brethren, as he himself
had been -- or had they redeemed their consciences? Joseph's test determines the
answer! The brethren failed to recognise their brother in the imperious ruler of
Egypt (as do Jewry of the Lord Jesus), dressed in his resplendent robes of
authority (as the Lord Jesus is in immortality). Ultimately Joseph manifested
himself plainly to his family -- as the Lord Jesus will reveal the signs in his
hands (Zec 13:6). When he declared: 'Come near to me' (Gen 45:4), he anticipates
that of Christ (Mat 11:28; Eph 2:13) which will be offered to Israel in the
WHY HAVE YOU REPAID GOOD WITH EVIL?: Cp 1Sa 25:21; Psa
35:12; 38:20; 109:5; Pro 17:3; Rom 12:9,21; 13:3,4; 1Th 5:15.
DIVINATION: Casting gems into the cup full of water, as
a means of divination, was common in Egypt. But Joseph was not guilty of such
superstition. The silver cup was only a valuable piece in his house. But, in a
sense, Joseph did "make trial" (AV mg) by the cup (cp v 15n).
Note the changed attitude: Jacob now loves Benjamin in place
of Joseph, but the other brothers are not longer resentful. (They could have
returned, leaving Benjamin, but did not.) (OTH 169).
Christ can "make trial" by his cup: cp 1Co 11:28,29.
A recounting of fact merely: No subtlety, but humble and
candid. Judah casts himself on the mercy of the "savior of the world".
WE ARE NOW MY LORD'S SLAVES: The principle of a thief
becoming a slave to the one from whom he stole is repeated in Exo
Cp Ruth with Naomi: "Go, return..."
A YOUNG SON: But Benjamin had 10 sons at this time: Gen
Joseph learns for the first time how his brothers had deceived
And now we see the true repentance of Judah -- he had been a
spokesman before (Gen 37:26), but on that occasion he was self-seeking, not
caring about the feelings of his father Jacob.
Judah says, "Take me instead!" Offering himself on behalf of