Ct Gen 12:10: Abraham never left Promised Land again. One
excursion into Egypt was enough (Gen 24:6).
NEGEV: "South" in AV.
AND LOT WENT WITH HIM: Implying reluctance on Lot's
The first mention of riches in the Bible: "For the love of
money is a root of all kinds of evil. Some people, eager for money, have
wandered from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs" (1Ti 6:10).
Abraham's wealth came mainly from Pharaoh (Gen 12:16). This new-found wealth
leads to competition and stress, and finally to separation with Lot (see Pro
Bethel is the 2nd-most mentioned city/place in the
WHERE HIS TENT HAD BEEN EARLIER (AT THE BEGINNING): A
fresh start. Back to the place where he had settled before going down to Egypt.
A pilgrimage with a purpose: restoration to a former way of life.
In Gen, 3 pairs: (1) Abraham and Lot, (2) Isaac and Ishmael,
and (3) Jacob and Esau. "But the closer the relationship between these pairs,
the less the spiritual likeness shows":
Lot, for all his mistakes, was "that righteous man" (2Pe 2:8);
was "cast out" (Gal 4:30);
Esau was a "fornicator, profane person" (Heb
12:6) -- WAbr 30.
Also consider the later subjugation of
their seeds to that of Israel and Christ.
LOT... ALSO HAD FLOCKS... HERDS... TENTS: But no silver
or gold (sig redemption faith), as did Abraham (v 2).
THE LAND COULD NOT SUPPORT (BEAR) THEM... TOGETHER:
Prob the Land had not fully recovered from the effects of the drought of Gen
This commences the decline of Lot. Since Abraham appeals to
Lot, it is obvious he holds him responsible (v 8).
CANAANITES AND PERIZZITES... IN THE LAND: Thus it was
to the great advantage of Abraham and Lot to strengthen themselves in unity, and
not to quarrel.
PERIZZITES: "Haperizziy" = "village dwellers": Gen
15:20n. Nomads who occupied rural settlements and sought for pasture
(competition for Abraham).
Here is put into practice the Bible teaching of submission to
one another (Eph 5:21; 1Pe 5:5; Gal 5:20; 1Co 3:3; 2Ti 2:24; Jam 3:16; Luk
22:24-26. "It is to a man's honor to avoid strife, but every fool is quick to
quarrel" (Pro 20:3). "A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs
up anger" (Pro 15:1).
FOR WE ARE BROTHERS: Bre should dwell together in unity
(Psa 133), esp in the presence of the "Canaanites". "Here was the dominant
factor which must guide and influence all relationships between Abraham and Lot.
By comparison nothing else mattered. Before this overruling bond of brotherhood
all else was unimportant. They were near of kin; they had traveled a thousand
miles together, together they had shared the hostility of a new land and the
special dangers of Egypt. And were they now to squabble over something which
only the blessing of God had brought? We be brethren! A thousand times since
Abraham, and another thousand times since God revived Abraham's Faith in these
last days, men have become blind to this truth and its deep eternal obligations.
Many a wrangle about trivialities of mundane level and many a bickering about
spiritual truth of massive unimportance would have been still-born if only this
simple wholesome truth had been written in larger capitals in home and ecclesia"
LOT LOOKED UP: "Lot" = "born with a veil". Ct v 14: Lot
lifted up his own eyes, looked for self, and saw a natural sight (cp Gen 3:6;
Jer 7:21; 1Jo 2:6). Abraham was told to lift up his eyes, looked through God's
eyes, and saw a spiritual sight: "Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day; he
saw it and was glad" (Joh 8:56). The eye of faith: see Heb 11:3,13; 2Co
PLAIN: "Kikkar" = "circle", the Jordan
LIKE THE GARDEN OF THE LORD: Jordan was watered by a
4-fold flow, as was Eden (Gen 2:10,11). Regularly overflowing its banks -- as
did the Nile?
TOWARD ZOAR: This should have been a warning!
PLAIN: "Kikkar" = "circle", the Jordan
TOWARD THE EAST: East to Jericho, then south to
THE TWO MEN PARTED COMPANY: "Let us not give up meeting
together, as some are in the habit of doing, but let us encourage one another"
(Heb 10:25). Lot left Bethel ("the house of El"). Lot left the Land
Abram trusted God for His needs, even though that meant that
he received what appeared to be an unjust settlement from the hand of
NEAR (TOWARD) SODOM: "As far as Sodom" (RV): cp Gen
WICKED: "Breakers of law".
SINNING: "Chattah" = "to miss the mark".
There's an old story about a man who tried to save the city of
Sodom from destruction by warning the citizens. But the people ignored him. One
day someone asked, "Why bother everyone? You can't change them." "Maybe I
can't," the man replied, "but I still shout and scream to prevent them from
As soon as Abraham showed his meekness in settling the dispute
with Lot, God gave him the promise: "Blessed are the meek, for they shall
inherit the earth" (Mat 5:5). Abraham, the "friend of God" and the "father of
LIFT UP YOUR EYES: Abraham lifts up his eyes 3 times:
to behold the Land (here), the 3 angels (Gen 18:2), and the sacrificial ram (Gen
NORTH... SOUTH... EAST... WEST: Abraham's destiny to be
realized on the earth. In Gen we hear God telling Abraham (cp v 28 here) that He
will give him the land in all directions, as far as he can see, as an eternal
inheritance. Abraham is promised all the land, "north, south, east and west"...
AND a great multiplying of his seed! Notice how this is echoed in the NT, when
Jesus says: "There will be weeping there, and gnashing of teeth, when you see
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, but you
yourselves thrown out. People will come from east and west and north and south,
and will take their places at the feast in the kingdom of God" (Luk 13:28,29).
But in the gospels, Jesus seems to "interpret" this promise (ie, the east, west,
north, south allusion) to mean -- not only 'your borders will be extended in all
directions', but especially 'people (Gentiles!) will come to you (and God's
kingdom) from all directions'! Two different (but related) ways to fulfill the
promises to Abraham: (1) the expansion of Abraham's "territories" outward,
and/or (2) the people of those territories coming inward, to Abraham and His
God! Either way, the same result.
ALL THE LAND: Actually includes the whole earth: Rom
AND YOUR OFFSPRING (THY SEED): "The promises were
spoken to Abraham and to his seed. The Scripture does not say 'and to seeds,'
meaning many people, but 'and to your seed,' meaning one person, who is Christ"
(Gal 3:16). See Lesson, "Seed" in RSV.
THE DUST OF THE EARTH: Of Christ, the singular seed --
as dust of the earth in his mortal state (Gal 4:4; Rom 8:3; Phi 2:7; Heb
2:11-14). Ct Gen 15:5: seed as stars. Thus dust/stars = earthly or natural or
mortal / heavenly or spiritual immortal.
"Consider the Land as already belonging to you."
I AM GIVING IT TO YOU: Impl resurrection. "Abraham
reasoned that God could raise the dead, and figuratively speaking, he did
receive Isaac back from death" (Heb 11:19). This promise is kept alive even
after the death of Abraham: Exo 6:8; Deu 30:22; 34:1-4; 1Ch 16:15-18. But the
Promises are not fulfilled during Abraham's life: Heb 11:8-13,39; Act
TREES: "Elon". Rt "strength" or "oak". The Heb is
consistently translated "tree(s)" in NIV, but "plain" in Gen 12:6; 13:18; 14:13;
18:1; Deu 11:30. Cp also Jdg 4:11; 9:6,37; 1Sa 10:3.
MAMRE: "Vigor" or "power".
HEBRON: Hebron ("fellowship") becomes the possession of
him who follows God fully -- Caleb (Jos 14:14). Hebron is called Arba, or
Kiriath-arba, until after Moses (Jdg 1:10). "K-arba" = "city of the four" (cp