Gen 27: "God's purpose succeeds, in spite of human weaknesses.
The characters in this narrative are the four members of the patriarchal family.
Two of them -- Isaac and Esau -- seek to frustrate the revealed purpose of God.
Rebekah and Jacob seek to carry it out., but by wrong methods. Each of the four
is rebuked and disappointed. Isaac is deceived and frightened. Esau loses all.
Jacob has to flee. Rebekah loses her favourite son (Pro 19:21). So the record
shows that the divine purpose is worked out through a tangled skein of human
weakness and deception. The narrative shows:  Isaac plans to bless Esau: vv
1-4.  Rebekah's counter plan: vv 5-10.  Jacob's fear, for he had no
scruples in acting upon his mother's advice, but was adverse to being detected
in his fraud: vv 11,12.  Jacob is prepared for the interview: vv 13-17. 
The deception occurs: vv 18-25.  The blessing bestowed: vv 26-29.  The
deception revealed: vv 30-33.  Esau's complaint and reward: vv 34-40. 
Jacob flees from Esau's hatred: vv 41-46.
"In all these circumstances, Jacob was a timid man, dominated
by a desire to serve God and obtain the divine blessing (Gen 28:17-34). His
timidity seen in this incident reveals him as dominated by his mother, in awe of
his father, and in fear of his brother. Divinely contrived circumstances
purifies the character of Jacob, and strengthens it" (GEM).
Gen 27: All 4 people here attempt to achieve their desires by
unworthy methods. The result is sorrow, disappointment, trouble. "The one who
trusts will never be dismayed" (Isa 28:16).
In Gen, 3 pairs: (1) Abraham and Lot, (2) Isaac and Ishmael,
and (3) Jacob and Esau. "But the closer the relationship between these pairs,
the less the spiritual likeness shows": (1) Lot, for all his mistakes, was "that
righteous man" (2Pe 2:8); (2) Ishmael was "cast out" (Gal 4:30); (3) Esau was
"sexually immoral, godless" (Heb 12:16) -- WAbr 30.
Isaac thought he was going to die soon, yet he lived many more
years: Gen 34:5; 35:27.
SO THAT I MAY GIVE YOU MY BLESSING: In AV, "that my
soul may bless thee". "Soul" = "nephesh", mind.
Ct v 5 (Isaac and HIS son Esau) with v 6 (Rebekah and HER son
Jacob). Here is a real family tragedy. Isaac's household is dysfunctional: not
only has his son Esau married out of the Faith, but husband and wife have clear
favorites -- and the boys know it!
Goats, not sheep: Jacob uses goats to deceive his father, and
in Gen 37:31 a goat is used by his son to deceive him.
I WOULD APPEAR TO BE TRICKING HIM (AS A DECEIVER):
Which, of course, he was doing!
THE BEST CLOTHES (GOODLY RAIMENT): AV mg "desirable".
Sig also "holy, consecrated", as the vessels of the Temple (2Ch 36:10), the
"pleasant" things (Isa 64:11). These were priestly garments, carefully kept by
Rebekah; they had a special smell (Gen 27:27). The priest always wore special
clothes (Gen 35:10; Lev 21:10) (USC 12-14).
Jacob, who used the skin of a goat and the garment of a priest
to deceive his father, was deceived himself by the blood of a goat and the
garment of a priest, by his sons (Gen 37:31).
For wearing a rough garment of skin in order to deceive, see
THE LORD: Would profane Esau have used the name of
"Yahweh"? Again, this stirs doubt in the mind of Isaac.
THE SMELL OF HIS CLOTHES (RAIMENT): The sweet, aromatic
odor of the priestly garments.
A blessing of general prosperity.
MAY NATIONS SERVE YOU AND PEOPLES BOW DOWN TO YOU...:
ISAAC TREMBLED VIOLENTLY: Isaac now knew that he had
been setting himself against the will of God and had been saved in spite of
himself from this potentially horrible error. For surely he knew of God's
message to Rebekah that the elder would serve the younger, and he would also
know of Esau's selling his birthright to Jacob. Apparently Isaac was letting his
natural preference for Esau outweigh what God had revealed his plan to be (Gen
25:28; Rom 9:10-13).
AND INDEED HE WILL BE BLESSED!: 'Even though I
thoughtlessly tried to bless another.' Isaac acknowledges God's hand at work in
HE TOOK MY BIRTHRIGHT: But Esau had profanely sold his
"But since you rejected me when I called and no one gave heed
when I stretched out my hand... they will eat the fruit of their ways and be
filled with the fruit of their schemes" (Pro 1:24,31).
AWAY FROM...: In AV, "of". But this is better. "Away
from" is seen in the land of Edom today. Esau received no blessing -- he was
rejected: "Afterward, as you know, when he wanted to inherit this blessing, he
was rejected. He could bring about no change of mind, though he sought the
blessing with tears" (Heb 12:17). Esau was not under God's protection and
guidance. Blessings of the Kingdom (ie Psa 72) did not come to him. Esau left
the Land of Promise, and went to barren, sterile Edom, beyond the Dead Sea. (Cp
Cain: Gen 4:11.)
YOU WILL LIVE BY THE SWORD: In ct to the true seed, who
need no sword (Mat 26:52,53). The seed of the serpent needs to engage in fleshly
warfare. Cp Edom's later attitude toward Israel: Num 20:18; Eze 25:2-5; Amo
YOU WILL THROW HIS YOKE FROM OFF YOUR NECK: Herod the
Esau's hatred for Jacob brings the curse of v 29 down upon
MY SON, DO WHAT I SAY: "Each time Jacob obeyed the
voice of his mother, instead of relying on his Father in heaven, he got himself
into deep trouble. Rebekah paid for this lack of faith, in that this is the last
time she sees her son, for she died whilst Jacob was with her brother Laban. For
Jacob -- he simply ran away from a 'RED serpent' [Esau, or Edom -- whose name
can mean 'red'] into the wiles of a 'WHITE serpent' [his uncle Laban -- whose
name sig 'white']" (CY).
A WHILE: "A few days" in AV, but it turned out to be 20
Rebekah correctly appraises her son Esau's character: A
simple, natural, sensual man incapable of holding a grudge for a long time; a
man who lives in the "here and now", and not the future or the past!
Marriage with unbelievers causes many problems: Gen 27:46; Deu
7:1-4; Exo 34:14-16; 1Ki 11:1-4; 1Co 7:39; 2Co 6:14-17. See Lesson, Marriage "only in the Lord".