Read as: "God made ISAAC for me; every ISHMAEL shall ISAAC for
Sarah, who once laughed in incredulity (Gen 18:12), now laughs
in joy and faith. " 'Sing, O barren woman, you who never bore a child; burst
into song, shout for joy, you who were never in labor; because more are the
children of the desolate woman than of her who has a husband,' says the LORD"
(Isa 54:1). "By faith Abraham, even though he was past age -- and Sarah herself
was barren -- was enabled to become a father because he considered him faithful
who had made the promise" (Heb 11:11).
This v is the brief model of songs of Hannah (1Sa 2) and Mary
CHILDREN: Plural, pointing to Christ, singular and
multitudinous (WAbr 89).
The 400-year affliction of Abraham's seed begins here: cp Gen
15:13n; Gal 4:24. Ages: Ishmael 18 or 19, Isaac 5. See Gen 13:5.
A GREAT FEAST: Like Matthew gave for Jesus, the
designated heir, where the supposed "heirs" (the Pharisees) mocked him (Mat
9:9-13) (WGos 133).
MOCKING: "Tsachaq" = "laughing". "But Sarah saw that
the son whom Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham was mocking, and she said
to Abraham, 'Get rid of that slave woman and her son, for that slave woman's son
will never share in the inheritance with my son Isaac' " (Gen 21:9,10).
Paul comments on this incident, in Gal 4:29, where he
interprets Ishmael's mocking of Isaac as a persecution: "At that time the son
born in the ordinary way persecuted the son born by the power of the Spirit. It
is the same now."
"Tsachaq" may have a sexual aspect: sw Gen 26:8 for the
behavior that betrayed Isaac's relationship with Rebekah; Gen 39:17 used by wife
of Potiphar in her accusation against Joseph; Exo 32:6 for what the worshipers
of the Golden Calf "rose up to" do.
In referring to Ishmael's behavior to Isaac, in Gal 4:29, Paul
used a Gr word that can mean "to follow
after with desire", eg Rom 9:30,31; 1Ti 6:11; 2Ti 2:22; 1Pe
3:11; Phi 3:12: a possible attempt at sexual molestation?
Prob Ishmael was insinuating that Isaac was the son of the
illicit union of Abimelech and Sarah -- conceived while she spent time,
unwillingly, in his household the year before.
In a similar fashion, Christ, who was -- like Isaac -- a
special seed of promise, was mocked or taunted. Evidently some believed (or at
least proclaimed the lie) that Jesus was born of fornication (some rabbis said,
with a Roman soldier) while Mary was betrothed to Joseph: " 'You are doing the
things your own father does.' 'We are not illegitimate children,' they
protested. 'The only Father we have is God himself'...The Jews answered him,
'Aren't we right in saying that you are a Samaritan and demon-possessed?' " (Joh
8:41,48; cp Joh 9:29). (The use of the term "Samaritan" is their thinly-veiled
suggestion of illegitimacy, since the Samaritans were a mixed race, part Jew and
part Gentile.) [WAbr 90,91]
Sarah was a prophet (Gen 20:3). This saying is Scripture (Gal
GET RID OF (CAST HIM OUT): Cp Christ's answer to the
Jews' insinuations: "Now a slave has no permanent place in the family, but a son
belongs to it forever" (Joh 8:35).
Abraham loved Ishmael: he would have provided well for him
when he left. It was Hagar's fault she became lost. (Beersheba was only a short
distance away. Perh the plan was for Hagar and Ishmael to wait there for further
advice and provisions. But Hagar, headstrong as usual, went her own way and got
lost. Cp Abraham's treatment of his other sons: Gen 25:6.) (GVG, Ber 43:105).
Abraham is taught that he must give away even his paternal feeling for the
PUT: "Cast" in AV. But sw in Isa 2:20; 2Ki 7:15; Jer
14:16; 36:30. Note that Ishmael was approx 18 years old, not a small
GOD HEARD: Lit "Ishmael"! Cp Heb "shema": see use in
Gen 17:20; 21:17,26; 22:18; 26:5; 27:8,13,43; 28:7. In Gen 21:17, the Heb elohim
(God) is used twice. The word for angel is malak. The combined phrase is "the
malak of the elohim." So elohim cannot equal angels. The overwhelming majority
of the time, elohim, though plural in form, is used in a singular way as a name
of God Himself. (The verb dictates how one is to understand the sentence and the
verb used with elohim is most always singular). (WIHN 51...)
In every way, Ishmael was his mother's son, but he was still
blessed for the sake of his father!
Ishmael (typ natural Israel) was cast out for rejecting the
true Seed. But God still cared for him, and after wandering in the "desert", he
is led to "fountains of water" (Zec 13:1).
Hagar was an Egyptian (Gen 16:1), poss acquired when Abraham
went there in Gen 12, and apparently her heart was still there; hence, her
choosing Ishmael a bride from there. A number of similarities between the
incident in Gen 24 of Abraham's servant choosing a bride for Isaac, the chosen
seed, from his own kindred and the beautiful Scriptural passages showing Christ,
the chosen seed, choosing his bride (redeemed ecclesia) from those of his own
(way of thinking, etc.) in ct to choosing his bride from the world that lies in
wickedness (ie Egypt).
Abim is impressed that God helps Abraham, even though Abraham
has failed Him.
Abimelech recognizes Abraham's divine right to the Land: Gen
Abraham exercises this right (cp v 23n). It is this well,
related to Ishmael's inheritance -- Beersheba (see v 31, cp v 14).
SEVEN: Number of covenant; a religious
Perh Ishmael had a portion in this covenant (see vv 14,25).
Beersheba excavations: Tes 36:222. The ancient well of
Beersheba has been recently discovered: Tes 48:2.
ABRAHAM: Not in orig. Poss should be "Abimelech"?
THE LORD, THE ETERNAL GOD: "Yahweh El Olahm" = "He who
shall be the Strength of the Millennium" (and beyond!).