The Agora
Bible Commentary

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Proverbs 30

Pro 30:2

Vv 2-5: "For I am the most simple of men, and there is not in me the wisdom of men. God has taught me wisdom, and I know the knowledge of the Holy. Who has gone up to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the winds in his bosom? Who has dominion of all the ends of the earth? What is his name? and what is the name of his children? For all the words of God are tried in the fire, and he defends those that reverence him" (LXX).

Pro 30:3

See Lesson, Double negative, Hebrew.

Pro 30:4

Christ has gone up to heaven after descending to the grave (Joh 3:13).

Pro 30:6

// Rev 22:18.

Pro 30:8

GIVE ME NEITHER POVERTY NOR RICHES...: In the materialistic age in which we sojourn, we see all around us both men and women striving for greater things, seeking better work conditions, better pay, a better position in society. And even for Christ's brethren, there is immense pressure for them to "succeed" in the things of this life -- a success which is measured purely in terms of social advantages, and material possessions. Yet when measured against the standards of Divine Wisdom, this "success" proves to be nothing short of failure.

"Take heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth" (Luk 12:15). This was the exhortation of the Lord Jesus, introducing his parable of the man seeking to build bigger and better barns in which to store his accumulation of wealth.

But although riches are not to be sought after; neither is there any virtue in poverty. There are those who suppose that there is righteousness in becoming poor for poverty's sake, and so give up all to live on the goodwill of others. But there can be no virtue in making ourselves burdensome to others, or even worse, looking to the state as a provider. Indeed, scripturally, poverty is associated with shame: "Poverty and shame shall be to him that refuseth instruction: but he that regardeth reproof shall be honoured" (Pro 13:18).

There is no intrinsic virtue to poverty, for it merely cultivates covetousness, and in many cases, theft to obtain that which is desired, yet beyond lawful means to obtain.

Pro 30:9

First part: Nabal in 1Sa 25:10. Last part: David in 1Sa 25:21,22.

WHO IS THE LORD?: The question of the "fool": Psa 14:1; 53:1. The question asked by Pharaoh: Exo 5:2.

Pro 30:10

Cp Rom 14:4.

Pro 30:11

Vv 11-15: 4 characteristics of a wicked generation: cp 2Ti 3:1-7.

Pro 30:13

Prayer of Pharisee: Luk 18:11.

Pro 30:18

Vv 18-20: 4 "wonderful" things: God's ways, unfathomable. Wonders of nature, uselessness of natural life. All of first 3: leaving no trace or trail. Eagle and ship = rapid course of life. Serpent = sin esp. No lasting mark. So... tracing on sky or rock, or plowing on sea: the same as sowing to the flesh -- ie will reap only corruption and vanity.

Pro 30:19

THE WAY OF A MAN WITH A MAID: Seduction -- swift, evil, useless, leaving no continuing profit in lusts of the flesh.

Pro 30:20

MOUTH: Euphemism for vagina? Cp Pro 22:14.

I'VE DONE NOTHING: See Gen 39:13-19.

Pro 30:22

A SERVANT WHO BECOMES KING: Zimri (1Ki 16:9-20).


Pro 30:23



Pro 30:25

"Laying up treasure in heaven": Mat 6:20.

Pro 30:26

CONEYS: "I have seen them in the wild cliffs of the Litany, below Blat, and also above the rocky pass of el Bulyad, on the Ladder of Tyre. In shape they resemble the rabbit, but are smaller, and of a dull russet colour" (LB 298). Conscious of their own natural defenselessness, the coneys resort to burrows in the rocks, and are secure from their enemies. In spiritual matters, we may be as weak and as exposed to peril as the timid coney, and we should be as wise to seek a shelter. Our best security is within the fortresses of an unchangeable Yahweh, where His unalterable promises stand like giant walls of rock. All His glorious attributes are guarantees of safety for those who put their trust in Him. Blessed be the name of the Lord, Especially is this true of His Son: the sinner may flee to the cleft of the rock Christ Jesus, and in his wounded side find a delightful resting-place. No monarch in his Masada, his impregnable fortress, is more secure than the coney in his rocky burrow. The master of ten thousand chariots is not one bit better protected than the little dweller in the mountain's cleft. In Jesus the weak are strong, and the defenseless safe; they could not be more strong if they were giants, or more safe if they were in a great fortress. Faith gives to men on earth the protection of the God of heaven. The coneys cannot build a castle, but they avail themselves of what is there already: I cannot make myself a refuge, but Jesus has provided it; tonight I enter it, and am safe from every foe.

Pro 30:27

LOCUSTS HAVE NO KING: But ct Rev 9:11!

Pro 30:28

LIZARD: "Spider" in KJV.

Pro 30:33

CHURNING... TWISTING: Sw in both cases. A form of butter is produced by squeezing and pummeling animal skins filled with milk (LB 256).

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