See Dan 4:17,35; Gen 20:6 / Psa 105:14,15; Gen 41:37-45; Ezr
1:1 / Neh 1:1; Isa 10:7; Est 6:1,2.
WATERCOURSE: Not a river, but a small irrigation
channel -- easily diverted.
"This is another way of saying that God rules in the kingdoms
of men, a doctrine found in all parts of Scripture. Even the wicked are used as
the divine sword for the punishing of other wicked. The proverb, however
suggests more than this. It gives us a glimpse of the process by which the
hearts of kings may be turned. It is not by a direct influence such as would
make a man into a machine. It is rather as we turn the course of water, placing
obstacles here and removing them there to guide the stream as we desire. The
Scriptures furnish many illustrations of this principle. The King of Egypt was
influenced by that which he saw and heard. The partial success of his magicians
hardened his heart. The Syrians were driven from Samaria by the sound as of a
host approaching. It was not in the heart of the king of Assyria to perform any
work for God, but he was lured by the prospect of spoil and the hope of power.
There have been illustrations of this truth in our days, nations deterred by
obstacles or encouraged by easy success have taken their proper places in the
world; for the heart of the king is still in the hand of the Lord, turned like a
stream of water into the channel designed for it" (PrPr).
Cp 1Sa 15:22; Isa 1:11; Jer 7:22; Hos 6:6; Mic
LAMP: "Ploughing" in KJV. But by a vowel change,
"lamp". Cp usage: Pro 13:9; 24:20. The outwardly bright prosperity of the
wicked. Principle of Tit 1:15.
The diligent is usually contrasted with slothful, but here
with hasty. Cp Heb 12:1; Mat 13:20,21.
Cp Judas; Jos 7:21-26; 2Ki 5:21-27.
FLEETING VAPOR: A desert mirage?
Better the tempest without than the "tempest" within!
Importance of choosing a good wife: Pro 18:22; 19:14; 1Pe 3:4.
Alternate translation (LXX): "...than in plastered
(white-washed) rooms with unrighteousness, and in a common (ie unclean) house."
Allusion to Temple being unclean: cp Act 23:3.
Cp Mat 18:23-35: parable of debtors.
The simple must see a demonstration, but the wise will listen
to a warning.
Ct Psa 73:2-14: an unwise consideration of the wicked. Cp Psa
73:16-22: A wise consideration of the wicked.
SHUTS HIS EARS TO THE CRY OF THE POOR: See Pro 29:7;
JOY: "Delight" (Psa 40:8; Joh 4:32-34), an easy yoke
(Mat 11:28,29). Ct joy of ungodly, in sport (Pro 10:23; 26:18,19) and in sin
COMES TO REST IN THE COMPANY OF THE DEAD: The permanent
hold of death on the children of folly, without ref to the resurrection, a mere
incident in the way (Xd 35:293). Ct 2Ti 3:14,15; cp 2Pe 2:21; Jam 1:24. Isa
53:6: we are ALL wanderers.
DEAD: "Rephaim": sw Job 26:5; Psa 88:10n; Pro 2:18;
9:18; Isa 14:9; 26:14,19.
HE WHO LOVES PLEASURE WILL BECOME POOR: "The way to
enjoy pleasure is not to love it, but to live above it." Cp 1Co 7:30,31.
"Earthly joys are vain indeed; they MAY leave us; we MUST leave them."
WHOEVER LOVES WINE AND OIL WILL NEVER BE RICH: Examples
in Jdg 16:1-21; Luk 15:13-16.
RANSOM: Sw "sum of money" / "ransom" in Exo 21:30;
30:12,13. Cp word and usage in Isa 43:3.
AND OIL: Cp parable of 10 virgins (Mat 25:1).
See Mat 6:33; Phi 3:12-14; 1Ti 4:8; Rom 2:7; Gal 5:23; 2Pe
A WISE MAN ATTACKS...: "Our warfare", as in 2Co 10:4;
cp Luk 14:31,32. "Even in warfare, intelligence and counsel does more than brute
Cp Jam 3:5-13; Mat 15:11-20.
Mental laziness kills, as does procrastination.
THE RIGHTEOUS GIVE: "Freely give" (Mat 10:8). Giving
also in showing mercy to others: Mat 6:12; 18:23.
Cp 1Sa 15:22; 2Sa 15:7-13; Pro 7:14,15; Rom 6:1; Mat 23:14;
Examples of true witnesses: Rev 3:14; Joh 3:11.
See Deu 32:5. Examples: Gen 4:8,9; 2Ki 5:25; Mat 26:47-49; Pro
See Pro 16:33; 19:21; Isa 54:17.
THE HORSE IS MADE READY FOR THE DAY OF BATTLE: Do not
put confidence in horses: Deu 17:16; Psa 20:7,8; 33:17; 147:10; Isa 31:1; 2Ki
6:14-17. Cp 1Sa 17:45.
VICTORY RESTS WITH THE LORD: Or, as KJV, "Safety is of
"Hold fast. All present things will pass. God never changes.
The Truth never changes. All evil is temporary. All good is eternal. The present
is but for a moment. The future is forever. Regardless of the sorrow, the
disappointment, the griefs, the losses, the betrayal of those we trusted, the
pettiness of those we respected, the antagonism of those we looked to for
friendship, the weakness of those we looked to for strength -- still all is as
it should be, all things are working together for good. All we need to do is
hold fast in faith, in unwavering assurance, in calm confidence, yea, in
thankful joy and cheerful rejoicing. The dross is a mountain: but the gold is
but a handful. All we see at present is the mountain: the gold is there, and
will endure when all else is gone. Just leave it all to God to work out in His
time -- and labor and pray every moment that you may be part of that which at
last endures" (GVG).