1Ch 27: David also organized his army (vv 1-15), Israel's
tribal leaders (vv 16-24), his administrators (vv 25-31), and his counselors and
advisers (vv 32-34). He did all this to insure the future stability of the
kingdom, so that God's promises could be fulfilled without unnecessary
opposition or confusion. The writer mentions 12 tribes, but in this list these
include Levi and the two halves of Manasseh. He omits Gad and Asher in this
tally (vv 16-24; cf 1Ch 7).
1Ch 22--27 record David's preparation for the fulfillment of
those covenant promises made to him -- which would be fulfilled in part after he
had passed off the scene. His preoccupation with God's promises and his
preparations for their fulfillment served as a good example for Chronicles'
original readers. David's zeal for the house of Yahweh reflected his zeal for
the reputation of his God. He truly put God's glory before his own personal
Vv 1-15: Twelve army captains named among mighty men. Joab the
commander (v 34).
Eight of 12 captains were of Judah, two of Ephraim, and 2 of
BENAIAH: More details of his exploits are given in 1Ch
11:22-25 and 2Sa 23:21-23.
HIS SON ZEBADIAH WAS HIS SUCCESSOR: Since Asahel was
slain at beginning of David's reign (1Ch 11:26; 2Sa 2:18-23).
Vv 16-24: Twelve tribal princes.
Two princes for Levi: one for the tribe, one for the Aaronic
WRATH CAME ON ISRAEL ON ACCOUNT OF THIS NUMBERING: (1)
The census was incomplete, and (2) the half-shekel was not collected.
Vv 25-34: In this extensive list of the things that David had,
which needed oversight, there is no mention of horses. David did not multiply
horses because the law of Moses had forbidden it (Deu 17:16).