The Agora
Bible Commentary
1 Chronicles

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1 Chronicles 11

1Ch 11:1

HEBRON: Sig "community, or alliance" -- very appropriate in this context.

1Ch 11:2

AND THE LORD YOUR GOD SAID TO YOU, 'YOU WILL SHEPHERD MY PEOPLE ISRAEL': Even while Saul was nominally the ruler and David was in exile and hiding, it seems that David had been acting as a "shepherd" over the people: protecting those in the south from the Philistines, for example, and providing succour to others who were being oppressed by Saul.

1Ch 11:3

COMPACT: Heb "berith" = covenant.

1Ch 11:4

David did not take Jebus until 7 1/2 years after he had been king in Hebron (2Sa 2:11). David must have known that God had selected the area of Jerusalem for the place where His altar and temple would be situated.

1Ch 11:6

1Ch 11:6.

Joab accomplishes this by leading men up the water shaft: 2Sa 5:8.

1Ch 11:9

AND DAVID BECAME MORE AND MORE POWERFUL, BECAUSE THE LORD ALMIGHTY WAS WITH HIM: "David's success is attributed directly to God. His life was in perspective. God was with him as he had not been with Saul. David's attitude before God was, is seems, almost second to none (apart from Jesus, of course) and the result was a great deal of blessing. But let us remember the terrible sufferings he had too. We should not assume that God has deserted us when we go through the bad times. David is a great example to us: 2Sa 3:1; 5:10" (PC).

1Ch 11:15

VALLEY OF REPHAIM: Consistently translated in NIV. AV has "valley of the giants" (Jos 15:18; 18:16; Isa 17:5) or "valley of Rephaim" (2Sa 5:18,22; 23:13; 1Ch 11:15; 14:9; Isa 17:5).

1Ch 11:19

"There is something peculiarly touching and beautiful in the above scene, whether we contemplate the act of the three mighty men in procuring the water for David, or David's act in pouring it out to the Lord. It is evident that David discerned, in an act of such uncommon devotedness, a sacrifice which none but the Lord Himself could duly appreciate. The odor of such a sacrifice was far too fragrant for him to interrupt it in its ascent to the throne of the God of Israel. Wherefore he, very properly and very graciously, allows it to pass him by, in order that it might go up to the One who alone was worthy to receive it, or able to appreciate it. All this reminds us, forcibly, of that beautiful compendium of Christian devotedness set forth in Phi 2:17,18: 'Yea, and if I be poured out upon the sacrifice, and service of your faith, I joy and rejoice with you all; for this cause ye also joy and rejoice with me.' In this passage, the apostle represents the Philippian saints in their character as priests, presenting a sacrifice and performing a priestly ministration to God; and such was the intensity of his self-forgetting devotedness, that he could rejoice in his being poured out as a drink-offering upon their sacrifice, so that all might ascend, in fragrant odor to God" (CHM, cited in Pink).

There is, perhaps, a New Testament echo of this incident: the "three mighty men" of Christ were Peter, James, and John; like David's mighty men, they desired the kingdom and glory for their master. But the apostles did not really understand that Jesus must first "pour out" his life (cp Mat 16:21-23; 17:4; 19:27; 20:20-23) before he could drink of the cup of joy in his Father's kingdom. So Jesus, who turned water into wine (blood) at Cana (John 2:8), did in fact pour out the "water", or blood, of his own body, on the cross -- like David, he could not drink fully of the joy until he had first experienced the sorrow (Heb 12:2).

1Ch 11:23

LIKE A WEAVER'S ROD: Not size but appearance and shape. A spear with a leash or cord, increasing leverage, and thus enabling the soldier to throw it a greater distance. Refd in 1Sa 17:7; 2Sa 21:19; 1Ch 20:5; 11:23.

1Ch 11:26

Vv 26-47: Cp list, 2Sa 23. The extra names here prob replaced those slain in battle or retired. This list may be at end of David's reign, in ct 2Sa 23 at beginning.

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