2Sa 16: "Many curry favor with a ruler, and everyone is the
friend of a man who gives gifts. A poor man is shunned by all his relatives --
how much more do his friends avoid him! Though he pursues them with pleading,
they are nowhere to be found" (Pro 19:6,7). "Fair weather friends."
ZIBA: Ziba, a former servant of Saul, had been
commanded to farm Mephibosheth's land, so that Mephibosheth could eat bread at
David's table. Ziba -- a man with a large family and many servants -- prob
resented this, and sought to gain the territory of Mephibosheth (see 2Sa 9:2-12;
Vv 5-14: Note types with Christ: Shimei (of Benjamin: like
Saul, and Saul of Tarsus?) curses David as he is led outside the camp to suffer
(Kedron: 2Sa 15:23; Olivet: 2Sa 15:30). David, being forgiven (and thus
sinless), accepts this rebuke quietly -- as coming from God. His followers beg
permission to attack his accusers, but he refuses (cp Mat 26:52). No violence or
anger: a "lamb" led dumb to the slaughter.
"The scene is one we would do well to carry in our hearts --
Shimei's violent language and the flying stones, and David's silent, disciplined
army marching towards Jericho, with their king humbled in their midst. Another,
greater than David, 'who did no sin neither was guile found in his mouth,' would
bear a greater reproach outside the walls of Jerusalem. When reviled, he would
not threaten but would commit himself to Him that judgeth righteously. Twelve
legions of angels would be his servants, but not one of them would silence those
who cursed the Son of God. Christ's submission before undeserved cursing and
bitterness was part of the triumph of his spirit" (TMD 169).
SHIMEI: This same Shimei later repents (2Sa 19:16-20),
and welcomes David as he returns in triumph. Later he is put to death (1Ki
HE PELTED DAVID WITH STONES: "Across that wild ravine"
YOU MAN OF BLOOD, YOU SCOUNDREL!: "Man of Belial." As
if David were to blame for deaths of Saul, Jonathan, Abner, and Ishbosheth.
"Many are saying of me, 'God will not deliver him' " (Psa 3:2). "How long, O
men, will you turn my glory into shame?" (Psa 4:2).
WHAT DO YOU AND I HAVE IN COMMON, YOU SONS OF ZERUIAH?:
Which included Joab also. How completely different David was from his nephews!
They were proud, ambitious; he was humble, bowing under the hand of
LEAVE HIM ALONE: "In your anger do not sin" (Psa 4:4;
cp Eph 4:26). Also cp Luk 9:54: "fire from heaven".
HUSHAI: See 2Sa 15:32,37.
LONG LIVE THE KING!: But WHICH king? David, of
A careful ambiguity again (as in v 16): surely 'the one chosen
by Yahweh' = David, not Absalom!
SHOULD I NOT SERVE THE SON?: Ambiguity yet again. Which
son? Surely Solomon, the rightful heir!
JUST AS I SERVED YOUR FATHER, SO I WILL SERVE YOU: "As
I have served in thy father's presence, so will I be in thy presence!" And he
was! He served David before, and now (in Absalom's presence) he continued to
AHITHOPHEL ANSWERED, "LIE WITH YOUR FATHER'S
CONCUBINES": Strategic purpose: to make a public and permanent breach, and
thereby to insure the safety of those who joined the conspiracy. (Now there
would be no chance that Absalom would seek his father's forgiveness, by placing
the complete blame for the aborted coup on his counselors.) Ahithophel's
secondary (and personal) purpose: to humiliate David in a similar way as David
had humiliated Ahithophel's family.
"If a man sleeps with his father's wife, he has dishonored his
father. Both the man and the woman must be put to death; their blood will be on
their own heads" (Lev 20:11).
THE ADVICE AHITHOPHEL GAVE WAS LIKE THAT OF ONE WHO
INQUIRES OF GOD: That is, it was regarded as being so (cp Psa