GOAT IDOLS: "Seirim" = he goats (Egyptian idols -- cp
"Pan"); hence the "idols" of Act 15:29. (Translated "devils" in KJV; "demons" in
NIV mg.) Cp mythical devil with tail, horns, and cloven hooves. (Tes 54:305).
ANY ALIEN LIVING AMONG THEM: These laws (Lev 17,18)
were esp for "strangers" (Lev 17:8,10; 18:26). To these laws the Jerusalem
elders referred concerning Gentile converts: the 4 things prohibited (Act
WHO EATS ANY BLOOD: Flesh = mortality, to be eaten
under Law. But blood = life, only through new covenant in Christ.
Also, the eating of blood was part of the worship of various
idols or "demons" (cp v 7).
THE LIFE... IS IN THE BLOOD: See Blood, Blood. Cp Lev
3:17; 7:26,27; 17:14; Deu 12:23.
Everything about this blood -- ie, the blood of the sacrifices
-- is positive: (a) it represented the life of the flesh; (b) it was given by
God; (c) it went upon the altar; and (d) it made atonement. By contrast, the
blood from non-sacrificial animals is spoken of altogether negatively (vv
13,14): (a) it was the life of ALL flesh (as opposed to life of THE flesh); (b)
it was hunted or caught, as opposed to being "given" by God; and (c) it was to
be covered with dust (not put on the altar).
This blood (vv 13,14) represented the will of man, obtained by
his own cunning, and thus it was useless in God's sight. The blood of the
sacrificial animal, though, pointed forward to the ultimate provision by God, of
blood that would reconcile.
If the sacrificial blood was positively presented (v 11), as
opposed to the blood of non-sacrificial animals (vv 13,14), then WHY couldn't it
be eaten? Because God was teaching that it is not possible for the blood of
bulls and of goats to take away sins (Heb 10:4). BUT there would come a time
when a sacrifice would be provided which could take away sins. It would be the
"Word made flesh"; it would be "given" by God; it would provide atonement; and
when it came, ALL flesh would be invited to drink of that blood.
The children of Israel were not to eat even the sacrificial
blood in anticipation of the blood that one day would be provided, which they
would be able to eat. And so the Lord stood up, and proclaimed: "Whoso eateth my
flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life... For my flesh is meat indeed,
and my blood is drink indeed. He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood,
dwelleth in me, and I in him" (John 6:54-56).
And the Jews' response was: "No! Everyone knows the Law says
we can't drink blood!" But the whole point of Lev 17 was: "No, you shouldn't
NOW... but one day you will be able!" They missed the opportunity. An example of
the Jews missing the point of their own law.
DEAD OR TORN BY WILD ANIMALS: "Such flesh could not
prefigure the sinless lamb of God laying down his own life in obedience to the
Father" (LM 270).