Luke has the most universal outlook of all the gospels; he
portrays Jesus as the perfect man with compassion for all peoples.
Whereas Matthew traces Jesus' genealogy back to Abraham, the
father of the Jews (Mat 1:2), Luke traces it back to Adam the father of the
human race (Luk 3:38).
Luke is written for the Greeks. He substitutes Greek
expressions for nearly all the Jewish expressions ("Amen" is one of the few
exceptions), and he seldom refers to OT prophecy.
Luke was a skilled writer, and the literary quality of the
Gospel of Luke is thought to be the highest of all four gospels. The literary
structure of the Gospel of Luke is constructed primarily around Jesus' ministry
in Galilee and in Jerusalem.
• When He was in the synagogue at Nazareth, Jesus gave
the keynote of His ministry by reading from Isaiah:
"The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me,
Because He has anointed Me to preach the gospel to the
He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted,
To preach deliverance to the captives
And recovery of sight to the blind,
To set at liberty those who are oppressed,
To preach the acceptable year of the Lord" (Isa 61:1-
In Luke, Jesus' life is presented as a commentary on this
passage of Scripture:
He blesses the poor, the hungry, those who
weep, and the excluded (Luk 6:20-23).
parable He takes the side of a beggar who sits outside the gate of a rich man
(Luk 16:19-31); and in another parable He celebrates a tax collector who shies
away from the Temple because of his sinfulness (Luk 18:9-14).
Jesus reaches out to a widowed mother who had
lost her only son (Luk 7:11-17) and to a sinful woman (Luk 7:36-50).
In another parable the hero of mercy is a
despised Samaritan (Luk 10:25-37); and after a healing, a Samaritan is praised
for his gratitude (Luk 17:11-19).
arms of the Father, as in the parable of the Prodigal Son (Luk 15:11-32), await
all who return to Him. Jesus' identification with sinners leads Him to open His
arms to them on the cross, where "He was numbered with the transgressors" (Luk
• The Return of Christ is one of this Gospel's main
points and makes this gospel one of joy.
• Luke is a gospel of prayer.
The multitude prays as Zacharias serves at the
altar (Luk 1:10)...
Mary prays at the news of
salvation (Luk 1:46-55)...
Jesus prays at His
baptism (Luk 3:21)...
When He chooses His
disciples (Luk 6:12)...
At Peter's confession
At His transfiguration (Luk
In the solitude of prayer Jesus takes
the first steps of ministry (Luk 5:16)...
Mount of Olives (Luk 22:39-46)...
He gives His
final breath back to God, "Father, into Your hands I commend My spirit" (Luk
There are 10 parables recorded by Luke which are not recorded
by the other gospel writers:
the good Samaritan (Luk 10:30-37);
a friend at midnight (Luk 11:5-13);
the barren fig tree (Luk 13:6-9);
the lowest room (Luk
counting the cost (Luk
the lost coin (Luk
the prodigal son (Luk
the unjust steward (Luk
the importunate widow (Luk 18:1-8);
the pounds (Luk
Luke 1:1-4: Introduction
Luk 1:5 - 2:52: The birth and childhood of Jesus
Luk 3:1 - 4:13: Preparation for the ministry -- John the
Baptist; Jesus' baptism; Jesus' temptation
Luk 4:14 - 9:50: The ministry in Galilee -- Teaching through
parables; teaching through healing
Luk 9:51 - 19:40: The ministry continues on the way to
Luk 19:41 - 21:38: The ministry in Jerusalem --
Luk 22:1 - 24:53: The crucifixion, resurrection and