Mat 10: "The selection of twelve men as apostles of the Lord
Yahshua, reflects the tribal structure of Israel, the sons of Jacob. But these
twelve men were not only to be involved in the Lord's ministry; they were to
manifest his teachings and principles to the 'whole house of Israel. The Master
sent them forth with power to testify to his teaching, and to reveal the means
to ultimate redemption. The 'power over unclean spirits' and the 'healing of all
sickness' were but a token of the real redemption of the body through the
development of the spiritual qualities of the Master. Thus, ultimately this
corruptible will put on incorruption. So the twelve men were instructed in the
way by which their preaching should be undertaken. The record reveals: (1) The
apostles selected: vv 1-4. (2) Christ instructs his apostles on the mission: vv
5-15. (3) Their attitudes amidst enemies: vv 16-18. (4) Their defence to be in
God: vv 19-22. (5) Their reception would be hostile: vv 23-25. (6) Their
preaching to be fearless: vv 26-31. (7) Their pleasure is in doing God's will:
vv 32,33. (8) Their life to be a dedicated sacrifice: vv 34-39. (9) Their reward
is assured: vv 40-42. These instructions provide the platform for successful
witnessing to the world. Such should be based upon a clear, comprehensive
explanation of the Word, accompanied by prayer, trust in Yahweh, and a full
commitment. In that spirit, the true believer must continue to reflect this
chapter in the work of the Truth today" (GEM).
Joshua had taken 12 stones out of Jordan, as a token of
Israel's dedication to turn the Land of Promise into God's Kingdom. Jesus
("Joshua") now selects 12 men (the first, Peter, a "stone"), baptized in Jordan,
to become foundation stones of a new Jerusalem (Rev 21:14). Cp Num 11:25: Moses
delegates 70 elders to assist him.
MATTHEW THE TAX COLLECTOR: Only Matthew, of the 3
synoptic gospels, mentions his odious profession.
SIMON THE ZEALOT: Simon the "tax-hater" (being a
Zealot!) joined Matthew the "tax collector". "Strange bed-fellows!"
ISCARIOT: Prob "Man of Kerioth", town in south Judea
(Jos 15;25). If so, the only non-Galilean (Act 2:7). His father is mentioned
(Joh 6:71) -- thus prob a well-known (and rich?) family.
TWELVE: Cp 12 springs at Marah (Exo 15:27). Cp Luk
10:1,2: another "12" and "70"!
DO NOT GO AMONG THE GENTILES OR ENTER ANY TOWN OF THE
SAMARITANS: Many of Samaria had accepted Christ (Joh 4), but the time had
not yet come to continue preaching to them (Acts 1:8; 8:25).
"In what way had the kingdom come near? To the eastern mind a
kingdom is not a kind of constitutional pyramid with a king at its decorative
apex; the kingdom emanates from the king, it is the extension of his kingly
power" (SMk 21).
FREELY YOU HAVE RECEIVED, FREELY GIVE: Generally cited
Act 20:35. See Lesson, Giving (IC).
Not so unusual in the Mideast (LB 345). Hospitality was
Similar provisions (no extra money, no shoes, no staff, etc)
were enjoined upon temple worshipers (Temple 65). The disciples were now engaged
in the service of the true "temple", Christ!
OR EXTRA TUNIC: Not necessary at all in the ANE. Merely
"Stay in that house, eating and drinking whatever they give
you, for the worker deserves his wages. Do not move around from house to house"
SHAKE THE DUST OFF YOUR FEET: The practice of pious
Jews before entering the Holy Land after a journey abroad. Used in Act 13:51.
Or, because their feet had not been washed as was
LOCAL COUNCILS: Small courts attached to local
What saves us? Grace (Eph 2:8,9). Hope (Rom 8:24). Belief (Mar
16:15). Baptism (1Pe 3:21). Gospel, and its memory (1Co 15:1,2). Blood of Christ
(1Jo 1:7). Faith (Rom 5:1). Works (Jam 2:24). Ourselves (Act 2:40). Endurance
(Mat 10:22). What saved the "drowning man"? The rock, the rope, another man,
himself... or all of them?
YOU WILL NOT FINISH: Or, poss, 'you MAY not finish'. At
this time, even Jesus did not have perfect knowledge of the future: Mar 13:32;
And so, if the master suffers, the disciples should expect no
IT IS ENOUGH FOR THE STUDENT TO BE LIKE HIS TEACHER, AND
THE SERVANT LIKE HIS MASTER: "No one will dispute this statement, for it
would be unseemly for the servant to be exalted above his Master. When our Lord
was on earth, what was the treatment he received? Were his claims acknowledged,
his instructions followed, his perfections worshipped, by those whom he came to
bless? No; 'he was despised and rejected of men.' Outside the camp was his
place: cross-bearing was his occupation. Did the world yield him solace and
rest? 'Foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man
hath not where to lay his head.' This inhospitable country afforded him no
shelter: it cast him out and crucified him. Such -- if you are a follower of
Jesus, and maintain a consistent, Christ-like walk and conversation -- you must
expect to be the lot of that part of your spiritual life which, in its outward
development, comes under the observation of men. They will treat it as they
treated the Saviour -- they will despise it. Dream not that worldlings will
admire you, or that the more holy and the more Christ-like you are, the more
peaceably people will act towards you. They prized not the polished gem, how
should they value the jewel in the rough? 'If they have called the Master of the
house Beelzebub, how much more shall they call them of his household?' If we
were more like Christ, we should be more hated by his enemies. It were a sad
dishonour to a child of God to be the world's favourite. It is a very ill omen
to hear a wicked world clap its hands and shout 'Well done' to the Christian
man. He may begin to look to his character, and wonder whether he has not been
doing wrong, when the unrighteous give him their approbation. Let us be true to
our Master, and have no friendship with a blind and base world which scorns and
rejects Him. Far be it from us to seek a crown of honour where our Lord found a
crown of thorns" (CHS).
BEELZEBUB: Sig "lord of the house".
FROM THE ROOFS: To neighbors, gathered together in the
evenings upon the cool roofs. Lit, "on the housetops". (Christ's example: "I
spoke openly": Joh 18:20.) Cp 1Sa 9:15,25 -- God speaks in Samuel's ear, and
Samuel speaks to Saul on the housetop.
SOUL: "Soul" = Gr "psuche" = life, ie, the future life:
Joh 12:25; life hidden with Christ in God (Col 3:3,4). None can prevent its
being granted by Christ (Joh 10:27-29; cp Luk 12:4,5). Soul sometimes means the
mind or innermost feelings, disposition.
DESTROY: "Apollumi": to annihilate.
HELL: "Gehenna": judicial punishment: Mar 9:43-47; Luk
12:5; Jam 3:6.
EVEN THE VERY HAIRS OF YOUR HEAD ARE ALL NUMBERED: A
phrase descriptive of long life: Luk 12:7; 21:18; Mat 10:30; Acts 27:34; 1Sa
14:45; 2Sa 14:11.
YOU ARE WORTH MORE THAN MANY SPARROWS: One day some
workers on a British railroad found a thrush's nest under a rail. The mother
bird was sitting peacefully on her eggs, undisturbed by the roar of the fast
trains above and all around her.
"Said the robin to the sparrow,
'I should really like to know,
Why these anxious human beings
Rush about and worry so.'
Said the sparrow to the robin,
'Friend, I think that it must be
That they have no heavenly Father
Such as cares for you and me."
Jesus used the carefree life of birds to show that worrying is
unnatural. In our own lives day by day we are learning to keep our minds
centered on Christ so that the worries and concerns of the world will pass,
leaving nothing but a "perfect peace" in our hearts. God has taken the
responsibility for our care and worry. Let us trust Him to do it, do our best
each day, and be grateful for Him.
I DID NOT COME TO BRING PEACE, BUT A SWORD: "The
Christian will be sure to make enemies. It will be one of his objects to make
none; but if to do the right, and to believe the true, should cause him to lose
every earthly friend, he will count it but a small loss, since his great Friend
in heaven will be yet more friendly, and reveal himself to him more graciously
than ever. O ye who have taken up his cross, know ye not what your Master said?
'I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against
her mother; and a man's foes shall be they of his own household.' Christ is the
great Peacemaker; but before peace, he brings war. Where the light cometh, the
darkness must retire. Where truth is, the lie must flee; or, if it abideth,
there must be a stern conflict, for the truth cannot and will not lower its
standard, and the lie must be trodden under foot. If you follow Christ, you
shall have all the dogs of the world yelping at your heels. If you would live so
as to stand the test of the last tribunal, depend upon it the world will not
speak well of you. He who has the friendship of the world is an enemy to God;
but if you are true and faithful to the Most High, men will resent your
unflinching fidelity, since it is a testimony against their iniquities. Fearless
of all consequences, you must do the right. You will need the courage of a lion
unhesitatingly to pursue a course which shall turn your best friend into your
fiercest foe; but for the love of Jesus you must thus be courageous. Follow
right manfully in your Master's steps, for he has traversed this rough way
before you" (CHS).
A SWORD: "For the word of God is living and active.
Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and
spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart"
The preaching of gospel from house to house will create
antagonisms (cp vv 13,14).
Vv 38-40: Note Jesus' constant repetition of these themes: Mat
16:25; Mar 8:34,35; Luk 9:23,24; 10:16; 14:27; 17:33; Joh 13:20.
RECEIVES: Prob in the sense of "support or provide
for". The share of the man who stayed with the supplies is to be the same as
that of him who went down to the battle. All will share alike" (1Sa
A RIGHTEOUS MAN: Some prophets were NOT righteous men!
A CUP OF COLD WATER: "We have heard of young sisters
banding together for quiet, unobtrusive labours in rendering occasional help to
overloaded mothers; cheerful, friendly visitors who would call on older sisters,
not to waste time where it was already too scarce but to render help where it
was needed. Such work required tact, of course. It would never be easy and
certainly not attractive to the flesh, but it might easily prove a most blessed
form of giving. In such everyday matters opportunities for giving can be found
without any need for searching and often it is in such prosaic matters that
hearts are most touched as well as hands being eased. The cup of cold water is
an expansive symbol" (PrPr).
"So the three mighty men broke through the Philistine lines,
drew water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem and carried it back to
David. But he refused to drink it; instead, he poured it out before the LORD"