The Agora
Bible Commentary
2 Chronicles

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2 Chronicles 3

2Ch 3:1

MOUNT MORIAH: The place where Abraham showed his faith in God by being willing to offer his son: cp Gen 22:6-14. Abraham was so faithful that he knew that God would provide an offering (v 8), and sure enough... God came through! Abraham looked up, and SAW HIS SALVATION in a ram caught in a thicket (v 13; cp Joh 8:56). He memorialized this event by calling the name of that place by a name that has alternatively been translated as "Yahweh sees" or "Yahweh provides" (cp Rom 8:31,32). So the juxtaposition between God seeing our needs, and providing for them, and that provision being both effective and visible. It's something we can see. It's something real.

THE THRESHING FLOOR OF ARAUNAH: Cp 1Ch 21:13-18; this shows the quandary David was placed in, and the awesome responsibility to choose between three different punishments to come on Israel. After choosing a plague, and this plague decimating the people, David looks up and SEES the angel of Yahweh standing over the city of Jerusalem, with a sword drawn over it! What else was there to do but to throw themselves on the mercy of God? They do this, and He repents of the evil he planned on the city; and so they witness, visibly, both amazingly and yet in such a terrifying way, both the goodness and the severity of God.

"So we have this temple, being assembled by Solomon. A place where so visibly God's power and mercy had been seen. A place where God's desire to repent of evil had been carried out before. A place where salvation could be had.

"Does this interesting set of links end there? No... because now we jump forward to the time when another son was born, but one that was oh so much more precious and special. The Lord, OUR Lord -- Jesus Christ. The time came for him to be presented before the Lord, at His special place, the temple. The same place, the same location as Abraham, David and Solomon. What do we find? 'Now there was a man in Jerusalem called Simeon, who was righteous and devout. He was waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him. It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not die before he HAD SEEN THE LORD'S CHRIST. Moved by the Spirit, he went into the temple courts. When the parents brought in the child Jesus to do for him what the custom of the Law required, Simeon took him in his arms and praised God, saying: 'Sovereign Lord, as you have promised, you now dismiss your servant in peace. FOR MY EYES HAVE SEEN YOUR SALVATION, which you have prepared in the sight of all people, a light for revelation to the Gentiles and for glory to your people Israel' " (Luk 2:25-32). Again, amazingly, at this place, we see a link to seeing the Salvation of God!

"This is what the Jews missed. They saw the stones, the ornamentation, the architecture, the beautiful temple. What they should have been seeing was God, and the salvation He provides. They concentrated on the temporary, and couldn't see the eternal. How often do we do this?

"Do we see the stones, and miss the salvation? Do we see our brothers and sisters, with all their potential flaws... and even sometimes the great talents that all of us have in different areas... and miss the important thing... the salvation of God manifested in each and every one of us?

"Do we see the bread and the wine on a Sunday morning as a snack to tide over our hunger for lunch? A way to get rid of the annoying tickle we've had in our throats all morning? Or even just a chance to... feel better about ourselves?

"Or do we see the salvation of God?

"So Mount Moriah was all about reminding people that even though we get all caught up in temporary things, there are eternal things, an eternal hope, which we can see, and can draw hope from. It can be as solid a rock and foundation to us as the physical Mount Moriah is.

"Perhaps to us we should use the bread and the wine, the brothers and sisters around us, this place at this moment in time, as our own private Mount Moriah... a place of power and hope... a place to see through the veil of mortality to the plane of reality and immortality, where life isn't distorted, and things can be seen clearly?" (MMc).

2Ch 3:14

PURPLE: Scarlet, sig death and sacrifice (Num 19:6n), which gives way to....

CRIMSON: Heb "carmel" = fruitful (Isa 32:15; 35:2). Christ has suffered and realized the fruit of his labors: Isa 53:11.

2Ch 3:15

KJV has: "thirty and five cubits high", but this is wrong: the pillars were 18 cubits high (1Ki 7:15). The 35 cubits ref distance between pillars, or their distance from temple.

2Ch 3:16

A HUNDRED POMEGRANATES: 100 pomegranates on each row. Each capital had two rows; thus 200 pomegranates on each pillar: 1Ki 7:20. With 2 pillars, there would be 400 in all: 1Ki 7:42.

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