THEN ALL THE ELDERS... SHALL WASH THEIR HANDS: Pilate,
the "elder" of the city next to the slain man Christ, washes his hands of the
matter. Note: Christ was at the same time the slain man and the atoning
sacrifice (Mat 27:24).
Vv 10-14; By Law of God, no forcible possessions... no taking
of mere concubines. Lawful marriage is encouraged.
CAPTIVES: Cp Num 31:18: Young innocent women and
virgins are not slain. Note Deu 20:16: this does not refer to any of the 7
nations to be exterminated.
SHAVE HEAD... TRIM NAILS: Signs of mourning, then
acceptance of Israel's God, to become a proselyte.
THE CLOTHES... WHEN CAPTURED: Nothing which might have
attracted attention to herself will be preserved. The putting away of all
A FULL MONTH, THEN: Time to test the genuineness of his
desire for her. Was it true, and based on faith?
PLEASED: Heb "chaphets"; rel "Hephzibah" (Isa 62:4) =
"My pleasure/delight is in her". Cp Deu 24:1: "becomes displeasing" (diff wd).
How? through "uncleanness/nakedness/immorality" (Heb ervah) (Deu 24;1) --
apparently the only cause.
LET HER GO WHEREVER...: "She may go and be another
man's wife": Deu 24:2.
YOU MUST NOT SELL HER OR TREAT HER AS A SLAVE: She has
become Jewish, and has rights (cp Deu 24:7).
Sinners hanged on trees: baker (Gen 40:19), King Ai (Jos
8:29), 2 men (Est 2:23).
In Mosaic times, a criminal was stoned, and then hung from a
tree (or a stake) to publicly exhibit the punishment due to such a sin (Num
25:4; 2Sa 21:6)... It was because the curse of God rested on those suspended
from a tree, or a cross in death, that the Jewish leaders were anxious that the
Lord should die in that way, and hence called upon Pilate to order his execution
by crucifixion. This was not a Jewish form of death, so they had to seek the
help of Rome. This form of death, as they saw it, would demonstrate conclusively
that the hated Jesus was not the Messiah.
But Jesus' resurrection to eternal life seemed to belie this
curse (Rom 1:3). So what WAS cursed by God on the cross (Gal 3:13)? Was it the
man Christ Jesus: his righteous, sinless character? By no means. No, it was not
possible that he should be held by death (Acts 2:24).
What was cursed was not the man himself, but the sin to which
his human nature was inclined: "For what the law was powerless to do in that it
was weakened by the sinful nature, God did by sending his own Son in the
likeness of sinful man to be a sin offering. And so HE CONDEMNED SIN IN THE
FLESH" (Rom 8:3). "God made him who had no sin [that is, personally] to be sin
[in a nature, or physical body, prone to sin] for us" -- in other words, he was
put under the curse of the Law -- so that in him we might become the
righteousness of God" (2Co 5:21): so that through this man who overcame sin, our
sins might be forgiven!
This was also the lesson of the bronze serpent lifted up on a
stake in the wilderness (Num 21).