The Agora
Bible Commentary

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Exodus 29

Exo 29:4

WASH THEM WITH WATER: And anoint them with oil (v 7), and blood (v 20).

Exo 29:9

ORDAIN: The AV mg has: "fill the hands of". A priest in the service of the Father was to always have his hands full with the service of the Truth.

Exo 29:10

See Lesson, Laying on of hands.

Exo 29:20

The full consecration of the High Priest and his sons involved four aspects, and in all of them Christ is prefigured:

(1) Firstly, the right ear, which of course includes the head, was sprinkled or purified with the blood of the sacrifice. This purifying plainly touches hearing, and thus the intellect -- and stresses that the cleansing of the great priest who would represent all the people was a mental one, in which he knowingly and willingly participated.

In like manner, Christ himself, the greater High Priest of a more perfect Law, voluntarily participated in the shedding of his own blood, and was consecrated a High Priest forever, after the order of Melchizedek, not Aaron (Heb 7). This aspect of his cleansing -- for his obedience in sacrifice was surely for himself as well as others -- found its fulfillment when the crown of thorns was brutally crushed down upon his head and his ears.

(2) Secondly, Aaron and his sons were cleansed when the blood of the sacrifice was placed on the thumbs of their right hands. This would signify that their hands, and the works of those hands, would be consecrated, or dedicated, to Yahweh.

Likewise, Christ's hands, being pierced with the Roman spikes, were consecrated to the work of his Father. And those hands had always done the work that his Father called him to do; this work was finalized on the cross at Golgotha.

(3) Thirdly, Aaron and his sons received the blood of the big toes of their right feet; the feet would signify their "walk", or general conduct.

This portion of the picture as regarding Christ was completed when the nails pierced his feet also. As his walk, his life, all his conduct, had glorified God... so did his final steps which brought him to the cross, to lay down his life, his perfect life, for others.

(4) Finally, the remaining blood was sprinkled against the altar on all sides: thus signifying that all who stood with Aaron and his sons around the altar on which they would offer sacrifice -- that is, all the nation of Israel -- were participants in this consecration.

This final aspect of the High Priest's consecration has great meaning for all of us; we stand round about the "altar" (which is Christ: Heb 13:10), and thus we are touched, indirectly, by the blood of Christ, in our belief and baptism into his death (Rom 6). Figuratively speaking, when his side was pierced and the blood flowed forth to stain the soil round about the cross, we were there, and we were touched by that sprinkled blood, and our sins were forgiven.

Let us stand, or rather kneel, with awe and reverence and the deepest gratitude, at the foot of the cross. "I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me" (Gal 2:20).

Exo 29:22

THE FAT TAIL: Eastern sheep have a very large appendage of fat on tail (LB 97).

Exo 29:45

THEN I WILL DWELL AMONG THE ISRAELITES AND BE THEIR GOD: "Why would God want to dwell among this people? They were an uncouth lot, always murmuring and complaining, wishing that they had stayed in Egypt. Why would God want to dwell among them? Answer -- He called them out of Egypt to be His Family on earth. He was their Father. And as a Father He wants to dwell with His children, to experience their growth, watch their 'first steps', hear their 'first words', attend to their education and schooling, provide for their needs. Without saying so in so many words, God is telling Israel that He wants to move in with them, just as any parent likes to be in touch with their children and to experience the joys that raising a family can bring (2Co 6:17)" (CY).

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