The Agora
Bible Articles and Lessons: M

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Military and police

The Lord Jesus never raised a finger to hurt any human being, however great the provocation. The provocations he received would have led a lesser man to fight back, but it was not so with Jesus. When Samaritans denied him hospitality, his disciples spoke of vengeance:

"Lord, wilt thou that we command fire to come down from heaven, and consume them, even as Elijah did? But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of. For the Son of Man is not come to destroy men's lives, but to save them" (Luk 9:54-56).
Again, when the officers of the High Priest, led by a traitorous disciple, came to arrest him, the Lord could reveal his power and still refuse to take advantage of it: "Judas then, having received the band of soldiers, and officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, came thither with lanterns and torches and weapons. Jesus therefore, knowing all the things that were coming upon him, went forth, and saith unto them, Whom seek ye? They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith to them, I am he... They went backward, and fell to the ground" (Joh 18:3-6).

He allowed his enemies to rise from the ground and arrest him. When Peter sought to defend him with his courageous but misguided use of a sword which he should not even have been carrying, the Lord resisted that temptation also and rebuked his disciple:

"Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?" (v 11).

"All they that take the sword shall perish with the sword" (Mat 26:52).
Long before, he had withstood the temptation to accept kingship from the multitudes (Joh 6:15). Now, at his trial before Pilate, he declares his resistance in principle to the thought: "My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence" (Joh 18:36).

It was at the very time when they were crucifying him that the Lord Jesus revealed how deep and sincere was his desire that no one should needlessly be made to suffer on his account, for in his terrible agony he could cry out: "Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do" (Luk 23:34).

This was a prayer which certainly extended beyond the Roman soldiers who were merely doing their duty, to embrace the Jews who had conspired to bring about his crucifixion. In fact Peter puts before us for our imitation the entire manner of life displayed by the Lord Jesus during the period before his death:

"This is acceptable, if for conscience toward God a man endureth griefs, suffering wrongfully. For what glory is it, if, when ye sin, and are buffeted for it, ye shall take it patiently? But if, when ye do well, and suffer for it, ye shall take it patiently, this is acceptable with God. For to this were ye called: because Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example, that ye should follow in his steps: who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth: who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously" (1Pe 2:19-23).
The Lord's teaching

The very things that Jesus did in his own life, he commends to his disciples in theirs. In the Sermon on the Mount, for example, he said:

"Blessed are the poor in spirit... they that mourn... the meek... the merciful... the peacemakers... they that are persecuted for righteousness' sake... when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake" (Mat 5:3-12).
He took the commandment "Thou shalt not kill" and extended it to cover even hard words and unwarranted rage (vv 21-26). He also taught: "Resist not him that is evil: but whosoever smiteth thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if any man would go to law with thee, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloak also. And whosoever shall compel thee to go one mile, go with him two" (Mat 5:39-41). "Love your enemies, and bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you: that ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust" (Mat 5:43-45).

The Apostles' teaching

The apostles certainly took the Lord's words to heart, and under the guidance of the Holy Spirit they recalled for the instruction of the ecclesias what the Lord had said to them (1Pe 3:14; 4:14; Rom 12:14-22). Nowhere is this more plainly taught than in Paul's words:

"The Lord's servant must not strive, but be gentle towards all, apt to teach, forbearing, in meekness correcting them that oppose themselves; if perhaps God may give them repentance unto the knowledge of the truth" (2Ti 2:24,25).
There is much more evidence of the same kind in the writings of the Apostles. The Lord's sufferings, his restraint, his teaching of his disciples, and their own counsel to one another, all create an atmosphere in which anything pertaining to war or bloodshed has no place. If we summarize the impression created by the evidence, it is that, on grounds of principle, the believer is forbidden to participate in war and other acts of violence against others.

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